The 3D modeling solution enables the testing of realistic multipath
and obscuration effects on GNSS signals in a true-to-life synthetic environment.
Based on its proprietary MultiPath
detection technology, the company is developing and preparing to commercialise, innovative diagnostic products for rapid, sensitive and cost-saving detection of life-threatening infections, and combating the spread of antibiotic resistance.
At the same time, for the coherent signals in multipath
environment, the direction of arrival (DOA) estimation  can be completed without using the spatial smoothing.
routing protocols are discussed in Section 4.
Considering a node equipped with an equidistant line array composed of M antenna elements, the distance between the signal source and the antenna array is far enough, and [[theta].sub.i] and [[tau].sub.i] represent DOA and propagation delay of the multipath
In GNSS, pseudorange multipath
can seriously degrade the instant accuracy of applications that rely on pseudorange observables, including differential pseudorange navigation, and ionospheric monitoring.
From Figure 1, we can see the MPTCP-based multimedia multipath
transmission in wireless network.
However, also terrestrial signals experience multipath
Due to the low pass nature of optical wireless channel, subcarriers in the low frequency region are less attenuated and affected by the multipath
effect of the channel.
The dissimilar paths are a challenge for multipath
transmission because the data assembly at the receiver takes longer time .
where K denotes the number of paths to the receiver, t denotes time index, [[alpha].sub.k], [[tau].sub.k], and [[phi].sub.k] shows the amplitude, delay, and phase of the kth multipath
The X-WAV flat panel and flat panel sector antennas feature Circular Polarization technology, offering superior signal propagation and penetration, with less susceptibility to outside interference and multipath