Both species had a multivoltine
life cycle and overwintered as larval or pupal stage.
pulchrus was expected to have a multivoltine
life cycle, with asynchronous larval development and all larval instars present simultaneously throughout the year as exhibited by other tropical aquatic species (Jackson & Sweeney, 1995; Jacobsen, Cressa, Mathooko, & Dudgeon, 2008; Springer, 2010).
A group of the dominant species with the abundance over 1000 collected specimens was composed of four multivoltine
High reproductive potential, multivoltine
life history, ability to feed and reproduce on multiple hosts, and adaptation to a wide range of climatic conditions are features that make S.
The locust life cycle is univoltine in cool temperate regions, bivoltine or trivoltine in temperate regions, and multivoltine
, with more than 3 generations per year, in subtropical and tropical regions (Verdier 1972, Tanaka 1994a, b, Shimizu et al.
The trehalase gene was expressed in non-diapause eggs of the multivoltine
silkworm Bombyx mori for 9 days, whereas that in the diapause eggs was not upregulated.
Genetic Variability and Selection Indices for Economic Quantitative Traits of Multivoltine
Mulberry Silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) Genotypes.
2001: Adaptive precocial reproduction in voles: reproductive costs and multivoltine
life-history strategies in seasonal environments.
Raw silk percentage of mulberry is 7-10% for multivoltine
cocoons, 11-15% for bivoltine cocoons, 16-19% in newly evolved hybrids, and 19-25% in Japanese reeling cocoons [6-8].
ruficeps to be a multivoltine
species without a diapause period.
Its sex ratio is strongly female-biased, being bivoltine or multivoltine
with until three generations per year.
biseriata was multivoltine
and their major emergence was in early summer.