murein


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Related to murein: teichoic acid

mu·re·in

 (myo͝or′ē-ĭn, myo͝or′ēn′)

murein

(ˈmjʊəriːn)
n
(Biochemistry) any of several polymers containing sugars and amino acids which help to make up the cell walls of certain bacteria. Also called: peptidoglycan
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References in periodicals archive ?
Hilpert et al [39] found that archaea were insensitive to many antibiotics that inhibit eubacteria and eukaryotes, such as those inhibiting the synthesis or cross-linkage of the peptide subunit of murein or those suppressing RNA synthesis.
Foster, "Bacterial peptidoglycan (murein) hydrolases," FEMS Microbiology Reviews, vol.
The first, neomuran phase was an adaptation to thermophily and involved a really major transformation of 19 key characters, including replacement of the cell wall peptidoglycan murein by W-linked glycoprotein and a great upheaval in the cell's protein-secretion and DNA-handling machinery.
The cell wall of fungi contains chitin and ergosterol, while the cell wall of bacteria contains murein [48, 49].
The cidA murein hydrolase regulator contributes to DNA release and biofilm development in Staphylococcus aureus.
Scherer, "C-terminal domains of Listeria monocytogenes bacteriophage murein hydrolases determine specific recognition and high-affinity binding to bacterial cell wall carbohydrates," Molecular Microbiology, vol.
Endres et al., "The cidA murein hydrolase regulator contributes to DNA release and biofilm development in Staphylococcus aureus," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.
Peptidoglycan (or murein) forms a mesh-like sacculus surrounding the cytoplasmic membrane of almost all eubacteria.