murine typhus


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to murine typhus: scrub typhus, bubonic plague

murine typhus

n.
A mild, acute, endemic form of typhus caused by the microorganism Rickettsia typhi, transmitted from rats to humans by fleas and characterized by fever, headache, and muscular pain. Also called endemic typhus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.murine typhus - acute infection caused by rickettsia and transmitted by the bite of an infected flea; characterized by fever and chills and muscle aches and a rash
typhus, typhus fever - rickettsial disease transmitted by body lice and characterized by skin rash and high fever
References in periodicals archive ?
The extent and severity of disease associated with scrub and murine typhus in Vietnam is unknown because both clinical- and laboratory-based diagnostics are limited and no systematic surveillance programs or reporting systems are in place (7).
Who could have imagined flea-borne murine typhus in downtown Los Angeles on Sunset Blvd.?
The products created can be used to detect molecules emitted from the skin to track fat consumption and potentially diagnose diseases, TEDCO said.<br />The Nanobiofab product uses nano-technologies to produce panels for diseases like scrub typhus, murine typhus, spotted fever, and leptospirosis.<br />"TEDCO's support has played a significant role in our move to market," Dr.
Historically Rattus species (both black and brown rats) have been implicated in the emergence and spread of infectious diseases of human health importance such as plague, murine typhus, scrub typhus, leptospirosis and hemorrhagic fever.
Histopathology and immunohistologic demonstration of the distribution of rickettsia typhi in fatal murine typhus. Am J Clin Pathol 1989;91(6):720-4.
Murine typhus is an endemic infection in tropical and subtropical seaboard regions throughout the world, including the Mediterranean [2].
All these are responsible in causing and spreading serious diseases such as plague, murine typhus, rickettsial pox, salmonellosis, rat bite fever, leptospirosis, trichinosis, lymphocytic choriomeningitis, typhoid, dysentery, hog cholera, aspergillosis, encephalitis, pseudo tuberculosis, avian tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis, Japanese encephalitis, filariasis, yellow fever and dengue fever and malaria, among other ailments.
According to the Center for Disease Control rats carry no less than 12 infectious diseases, including: swine fever; foot and mouth disease; tapeworms; ratbite fever; salmonella; murine typhus and leptospirosis.
Mr Bragg said rats posed a serious risk to public health, with the vermin carrying all kinds of potentially fatal diseases, including bubonic plague, salmonella, rat bite fever, Weil's disease and murine typhus.
Then there is cysticercosis, a parasitic infection caused by a larval pork tapeworm that leads to seizures and epilepsy; toxocariasis, another parasitic infection that causes asthma and neurological problems; cutaneous leishmaniasis, a disfiguring skin infection transmitted by sand flies; and murine typhus, a bacterial infection transmitted by fleas and often linked to rodent infestations.
They carry fleas and ticks that could be carriers of diseases like rat bite fever, salmonella, trichinosis, murine typhus, the plague, and leptospirosis.