muscardine


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muscardine

(ˈmʌskɑːˌdiːn)
n
1. (Biology) any of several fungi which cause disease in silkworms
2. (Plant Pathology) a fungal disease in silkworms
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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The Department of Agriculture Regional Crop Protection Center gave farmers a technical briefing as to how a biological control agent called green muscardine fungus (metharhizium anisopliae) should be introduced to destroy the bugs, Mundo said.
Effects of environmental conditions on two species of muscardine fungi (Beauveria bassiana and Metarrhizium anisopliae).
But the silkworm always suffers from diseases in the sericulture production, especially white muscardine caused by infection with entomopathogenic fungi.
Agustino Bassi in 1834 primarily indicated that the microorganism, Beauvaria bassiana, is the origin of the silkworm disease identified as muscardine.
Members of the genus Metarhizium (Metschnikoff) Sorokin, also called green muscardine fungi, have been used against wheat chafer beetles Anisoplia austriaca and sugar beet curculio, Cleonus punctiventris (Metschnikoff, 1884; Lord, 2005).
Forbes said there are plans to explore applying green muscardine fungus to the fallen trees as a way to kill beetles.
Similarly Ascomycete, Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) Sorokin, present in the soil also acting as a causal agent for "green muscardine" of insects, is an important pathogen for the biological control of pests [10, 11].