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n. pl. my·co·bac·te·ri·a (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, aerobic, often pathogenic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, including the causative agents of tuberculosis and leprosy.

my′co·bac·ter′i·al adj.


(Medicine) of, relating to, or caused by mycobacteria
References in periodicals archive ?
A total of 1953 AFB-positive mycobacterial isolates were cultured from the sputum samples of 1831 suspected pulmonary TB patients, whereas 113 NTM strains from 100 patients were identified.
41 children clinically non Mycobacterial TB (non-TLC) is grouped as group B.
They cover an approach to infectious disease pathology; viral, bacterial, mycobacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections; and artifacts and pitfalls.
Smears for fungal and mycobacterial organisms were also negative (including acid-fast bacilli smears), and cultures for aerobic and anaerobic organisms were negative after five days.
1-3] In South Africa (SA), bacteriological confirmation defined as the identification of mycobacterial organisms, either by positive Ziehl-Neelsen stain, Papanicolaou autofluorescence and/or culture from aspirates in children is high, at 77.
Tenders are invited for Proposal for Purchase of Consumables for Automated Mycobacterial Culture and Sensitivity System with Software Model (Bact/Alert 3D-360) from BioMerieux Inc.
D-ribose 2'-oxidase (DprE1), which is connected to synthesis involving mycobacterial cell walls.
Mycobacterial spindle cell pseudotumour (MSP) is a rare inflammatory benign pseudotumour which was first reported by Wood et al.
Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, 7th Edition
The epidemiologic relationship between tuberculosis and non-tuberculous mycobacterial disease: a systematic review.
Biological specimens such as abscess fluid, synovial fluid, cerebrospinal fluid, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and biopsy specimens should be submitted to the laboratory for mycobacterial culture and staining.
Innate immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, non-tuberculosis mycobacteriae, and the mycobacterial group including the Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine strain is related with operation of the interleukin 12-23/interferon gamma (IL-12/23-IFN-[gamma]) pathway (1, 2).