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n. pl. my·co·bac·te·ri·a (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, aerobic, often pathogenic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, including the causative agents of tuberculosis and leprosy.

my′co·bac·ter′i·al adj.


n, pl -ria (-rɪə)
(Microbiology) any of the rod-shaped Gram-positive bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, some of which cause human diseases, such as tuberculosis and leprosy


(ˌmaɪ koʊ bækˈtɪər i əm)

n., pl. -te•ri•a (-ˈtɪər i ə)
any of several rod-shaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, certain species of which, as M. tuberculosis, are pathogenic.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mycobacterium - rod-shaped bacteria some saprophytic or causing diseases
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
genus Mycobacterium - nonmotile Gram-positive aerobic bacteria


n. L. Mycobacterium, especie de bacterias gram-positivas en forma de bastoncillo que incluyen bacterias causantes de la lepra y la tuberculosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
NSW Health has reported four (link is external) Mycobacterium chimaera patient infections, Victoria has reported one and the earliest case, in Queensland (link is external), is mentioned in our 2016 alert below.
TBc ID and Cord Factor seem to be highly sensitive and specific for rapid diagnosis and accurate differentiation Mycobacterium tuberculosis from Non-tuberculosis.
Additional optimization approaches to improve test performance were examined and showed that the application of "a priori exclusions" of test results on the basis of reactivity to fortuitum PPD (sensitin produced from Mycobacterium fortuitum) and to a lesser degree, avian PPD, increased specificity without losing sensitivity (Michel et al.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis Transmission among Elderly Persons, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan, 2009-2015
Epidemic of postsurgical infections caused by Mycobacterium massiliense.
Research variables were; DNA of mycobacterium TB, Rifampicin resistance.
Key words: Montana, Mountain Whitefish, Mycobacterium, Oncorhynchus mykiss, Prosopium williamsoni, Rainbow Trout
DNA amplification and duplex PCR: The isolates were identified by D-PCR method for differentiating between Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and NTM based on amplification of rpoB gene sequences.
With review of literature and suspicion of atypical mycobacteria outbreak, cultures for Atypical Mycobacterium and AFB staining were sent for one patient, as she was still having discharge.
Based on its microbiology, clinical, and epidemiologic characteristics, Mycobacterium avium is classified as a slow-growing nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM).

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