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or my·co·rhi·za (mī′kə-rī′zə)
n. pl. my·cor·rhi·zae (-zē) or my·cor·rhi·zas or my·co·rhi·zae or my·co·rhi·zas
The symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus with the roots of a plant, as is found in the majority of vascular plants.

[myco- + Greek rhiza, root; see wrād- in Indo-European roots.]

my′cor·rhi′zal adj.


(ˌmaɪkəˈraɪzə) or


n, pl -zae (-ziː) or -zas
(Botany) an association of a fungus and a plant in which the fungus lives within or on the outside of the plant's roots forming a symbiotic or parasitic relationship. See ectotrophic mycorrhiza, endotrophic mycorrhiza
[C19: from myco- + Greek rhiza root]
ˌmycorˈrhizal, ˌmycoˈrhizal adj


(ˌmaɪ kəˈraɪ zə)

n., pl. -zae (-zē), -zas.
a symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus, esp. a basidiomycete, with the roots of certain plants, in which the hyphae form a closely woven mass around the rootlets or penetrate the cells of the root.
my`cor•rhi′zal, my`co•rhi′zal, adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
on wheat roots colonization by mycorhizal fungi and phosphate-solubilizing microorganisms, wheat growth and P-uptake.
Improved procedures for clearing roots and staining parasitic and vesiculararbuscular mycorhizal fungi for rapid assessment of infection.
(2003) documented that ericoid mycorhizal fungi secreted organic acid to solubilize Zn from insoluble ZnO and Zn3 (PO4)2.
Glabe, "The contribution to orchid mycorhizal fungi to seed germination: a speculative review," Lindleyana, vol.
The increase of soil biological activities, such as rhizobium bacteria (Rondon et al., 2007) or mycorhizal fungi (Warnock et al., 2007) has also been suggested responsible for increasing crop yield with biochar addition.