Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to mycorrhiza: Arbuscular mycorrhiza


or my·co·rhi·za (mī′kə-rī′zə)
n. pl. my·cor·rhi·zae (-zē) or my·cor·rhi·zas or my·co·rhi·zae or my·co·rhi·zas
The symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus with the roots of a plant, as is found in the majority of vascular plants.

[myco- + Greek rhiza, root; see wrād- in Indo-European roots.]

my′cor·rhi′zal adj.


(ˌmaɪkəˈraɪzə) or


n, pl -zae (-ziː) or -zas
(Botany) an association of a fungus and a plant in which the fungus lives within or on the outside of the plant's roots forming a symbiotic or parasitic relationship. See ectotrophic mycorrhiza, endotrophic mycorrhiza
[C19: from myco- + Greek rhiza root]
ˌmycorˈrhizal, ˌmycoˈrhizal adj


(ˌmaɪ kəˈraɪ zə)

n., pl. -zae (-zē), -zas.
a symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus, esp. a basidiomycete, with the roots of certain plants, in which the hyphae form a closely woven mass around the rootlets or penetrate the cells of the root.
my`cor•rhi′zal, my`co•rhi′zal, adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alysha Blomker and Ezinma Herler investigated the role of mycorrhiza fungi in soil, in order to make soil more resistant to stress factors such as drought.
She added that the enhancement of clonal nursery and rooting facilities was 60-percent complete, while the test on varying concentrations of rooting hormone and mycorrhiza formulation in rooting batikuling and makaasim stem cuttings is 73-percent complete.
(1989) Effect of different organic manures on the efficiency of VA mycorrhiza. Agricultural Ecosystem Environmental 29 55-58.
The scientists found that the symbiosis of plant and fungus - the mycorrhiza - is of particular importance.
Arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) is a symbiotic association formed with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and 80% of terrestrial plant roots.
Mycorrhiza formation and growth of Eucalyptus globulus seedlings inoculated with spores of various ectomycorrhizal fungi.
It was Albert Bernard Frank (1885), a forest pathologist, who for the first time introduced the term mycorrhiza. In Greek language "mykes" refers to Fungus and "rhiza" refers to Root.
Wipf, "Agroecology: the key role of arbuscular mycorrhizas in ecosystem services," Mycorrhiza, vol.
Los terminos utilizados fueron: arbuscular, vesicular, mycorrhiza, dark septate fungi, Mucoromycotina y endophyte en combinacion con las entradas: Pteridophyta, fern, fern allie, gametophyte, sporophyte y cada uno de los generos de helechos incluidos en Smith et al.
The effect of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi on the establishment of sour orange (Citrus aurantium) under different levels of phosphorus.