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or my·co·rhi·za (mī′kə-rī′zə)
n. pl. my·cor·rhi·zae (-zē) or my·cor·rhi·zas or my·co·rhi·zae or my·co·rhi·zas
The symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus with the roots of a plant, as is found in the majority of vascular plants.

[myco- + Greek rhiza, root; see wrād- in Indo-European roots.]

my′cor·rhi′zal adj.


(ˌmaɪkəˈraɪzə) or


n, pl -zae (-ziː) or -zas
(Botany) an association of a fungus and a plant in which the fungus lives within or on the outside of the plant's roots forming a symbiotic or parasitic relationship. See ectotrophic mycorrhiza, endotrophic mycorrhiza
[C19: from myco- + Greek rhiza root]
ˌmycorˈrhizal, ˌmycoˈrhizal adj


(ˌmaɪ kəˈraɪ zə)

n., pl. -zae (-zē), -zas.
a symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus, esp. a basidiomycete, with the roots of certain plants, in which the hyphae form a closely woven mass around the rootlets or penetrate the cells of the root.
my`cor•rhi′zal, my`co•rhi′zal, adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
The vast majority of terrestrial plant species form symbiotic associations mycorrhizal fungi, with arbuscular mycorrhizae (AM) the most common type (Smith and Read, 1997; Quilambo, 2003).
Arbuscular mycorrhizae, Bacillus and substrate enriched with vermicompost on the development of papaya plants.
Mycorrhizae promoted a significant increase in ABA in our study, which antagonized CTK changes under mycorrhization.
Also, educate me on the use of mycorrhizae in farming.Kipruto, OlenguruoneYou can use FitoMaat from Kenya Biologics Ltd.
In association with host plant roots, AMF form arbuscular mycorrhizae (AM), which improve the host plant's ability to absorb nutrients and water from the soil (Santander et al., 2017).
Of the seven types of mycorrhizae described (arbuscular, arbutoid, ectomycorrhiza, ectendo, ericoid, monotropoid, and orchidaceous), both arbuscular (AM) and ectomycorrhizae (ECM) are reported to be the most abundant and widespread in forest communities (Smith & Read, 2008; Taylor & Alexander, 2005).
In the present study, the substrate contained 62 mg of P [dm.sup.-3], and even so Araucaria seedlings were well colonized by mycorrhizae, especially with the genus Glomus.
Prospects and problems pertaining to the management of arbuscular mycorrhizae in agriculture.
Teaming With Fungi: The Organic Grower's Guide to Mycorrhizae
A quantitative and molecular examination of Tuber melanosporum mycorrhizae in Quercus ilex seedlings from different suppliers in Spain.