mycorrhiza

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Related to mycorrhizal: Mycorrhizal fungi

my·cor·rhi·za

or my·co·rhi·za (mī′kə-rī′zə)
n. pl. my·cor·rhi·zae (-zē) or my·cor·rhi·zas or my·co·rhi·zae or my·co·rhi·zas
The symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus with the roots of a plant, as is found in the majority of vascular plants.

[myco- + Greek rhiza, root; see wrād- in Indo-European roots.]

my′cor·rhi′zal adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

mycorrhiza

(ˌmaɪkəˈraɪzə) or

mycorhiza

n, pl -zae (-ziː) or -zas
(Botany) an association of a fungus and a plant in which the fungus lives within or on the outside of the plant's roots forming a symbiotic or parasitic relationship. See ectotrophic mycorrhiza, endotrophic mycorrhiza
[C19: from myco- + Greek rhiza root]
ˌmycorˈrhizal, ˌmycoˈrhizal adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

my•cor•rhi•za

(ˌmaɪ kəˈraɪ zə)

n., pl. -zae (-zē), -zas.
a symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus, esp. a basidiomycete, with the roots of certain plants, in which the hyphae form a closely woven mass around the rootlets or penetrate the cells of the root.
[1890–95]
my`cor•rhi′zal, my`co•rhi′zal, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations
mycorhize
References in periodicals archive ?
Araucaria naturally establishes symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) [4], in which the plant supplies photosynthates in exchange for competitive advantages of growth and survival [5-8].
The vast majority of terrestrial plant species form symbiotic associations mycorrhizal fungi, with arbuscular mycorrhizae (AM) the most common type (Smith and Read, 1997; Quilambo, 2003).
Earthworms and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) modify soil physical and chemical properties.
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are soil microorganisms that establish a mutualistic association with most vascular plants, where the plant provides energy substrate through photoassimilates to the fungus, which in turn, using its external mycelium, captures soil nutrients and transfers them to the host plant, providing greater plant growth (GENRE; BONFANTE 2010).
It was grown in a secret location in Monmouthshire as part of a project run by truffle firm Mycorrhizal Systems Ltd (MSL) and it was harvested in March 2017 by a trained dog named Bella.
It was grown in Monmouthshire as part of a project run by truffle firm Mycorrhizal Systems Ltd (MSL) and it was harvested in March 2017 by a trained dog named Bella.