myelination


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Related to myelination: demyelination

my·e·li·na·tion

 (mī′ə-lə-nā′shən) also my·e·li·ni·za·tion (-nĭ-zā′shən)
n.
The process of forming a myelin sheath.

my•e•li•na•tion

(ˌmaɪ ə ləˈneɪ ʃən)

also my•e•lin•i•za•tion

(ˌmaɪ ə lə nəˈzeɪ ʃən)

n.
the formation of a myelin sheath.
[1895–1900]
Translations

my·e·li·na·tion

, myelinization
n. mielinización, crecimiento de mielina alrededor de una fibra nerviosa.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under the partnership, KUL will develop cellular screening assays based on human stem cells to assess the potential of small molecule candidates to block the target GPCR and induce nerve remyelination and imec will devise a novel chip-based engineering approach to measure nerve myelination.
The study has revealed that a process called Axon Myelination is significantly disrupted in patients with Alzheimer's.
The study revealed that a process called axon myelination is significantly disrupted in patients with Alzheimer's.
"Brain image and tissue section analyses indicated an altered pattern of neural cell differentiation, resulting in a delayed neuronal maturation and neural fiber myelination of the transgenic monkeys, similar to the known evolutionary change of developmental delay (neoteny) in humans."
Also, histological analysis demonstrated increased expression of neural and myelination markers and decreased reactive gliosis and inflammation in the brains of animals receiving moderate and high doses of ISC-hpNSC compared to the untreated group.
[8] Peripheral nerve myelination also occurs during this period.
I postulate that: Pre-natal exposure to urban air pollution during pregnancy impairs foetal and postnatal brain development, Mainly by affecting myelination; These effects are at least partially mediated by translocation of airborne particulate matter to the placenta and by placental dysfunction; And prenatal exposure to air pollution impairs post-natal brain development independently of urban context and post-natal exposure to air pollution.
Clemastine has been shown to improve function in multiple sclerosis by activating oligodendrocyte precursor cells into active agents of myelination and fiber bundle stabilization.
"Likewise, decreased myelination could reduce the processing speed needed to problem solve quickly."
"Likewise, decreased myelination could reduce the processing speed needed to problem solve quickly." Children also might experience reduced cognition as a secondary effect of changes in feeding, nutritional intake, and sleep patterns that could themselves affect brain development, leading to behavioral changes that might "reduce exposure to enriching stimuli."
In the newborn with CHD, preoperative brain imaging studies have demonstrated structural abnormalities suggesting delayed development (for example, microcephaly and a widened operculum), microstructural abnormalities suggesting abnormal myelination and neuroaxonal development, and lower brain maturity scores (a composite score that combines multiple factors, such as myelination and cortical in-folding, to represent "brain age").
While the exact cause(s) of demyelination remains unknown, several key links are understood, all of which reduce the normal myelination process."