Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to myelination: demyelination


 (mī′ə-lə-nā′shən) also my·e·li·ni·za·tion (-nĭ-zā′shən)
The process of forming a myelin sheath.


(ˌmaɪ ə ləˈneɪ ʃən)

also my•e•lin•i•za•tion

(ˌmaɪ ə lə nəˈzeɪ ʃən)

the formation of a myelin sheath.


, myelinization
n. mielinización, crecimiento de mielina alrededor de una fibra nerviosa.
References in periodicals archive ?
During this early developmental period, structures and processes develop that influence behavior and provide a basis for later-developing structures, ranging from auditory and visual systems to myelination that affects the speed of processing to brain circuits involved in social development.
Background: Change in height of the limb not only increases the length of nerve but also causes gradual tapering of nerve with decrease in fiber diameter and myelination.
Initial workup included EEG, which showed excessive sharp EEG transients more over the right hemisphere and MRI brain, which showed asymmetric enlargement of the right cerebral hemisphere and diffuse thickening of cortical grey matter with increased myelination over right hemisphere, suggestive of right sided hemimegalencephaly (Figure-1).
Some have suggested that accumulation of BCAA in the brain inhibits the activity of pyruvate dehydrogenase and a-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, disrupting the citric acid cycle and consequently the synthesis of amino acids, causing cerebral edema and abnormal myelination (4).
Q-Cells performed multiple repair and support functions resulting in myelination and restoration of animals to normal function with extended life span.
A) Cerebellar white matter of CT-affected piglet showing multiple sharply bordered vacuoles but normal myelination (stained in blue; luxol fast blue/hematoxylin-eosin staining; original magnification x10).
Neuron and glial functions such as spontaneous electrical activity and axon myelination could be detected.
The myelination of nerve inside the brain and spinal cord is carried out by oligodendrocytes but as the nerve exits, myelination is done by Schwann cells.
Myelination is a process of forming a myelin sheath around a nerve to allow nerve impulses to move more efficiently and is vitally important to healthy central nervous system functioning.
Fossati has developed a unique way to take human skin cells, create iPSC, convert those into oligodendrocytes and, she hopes, use the oligodendrocytes as a better model for studying myelination in MS and evaluating potential MS stem cell therapies.
They found that daily consumption of fortification iron improved the iron status and VEP wave form pattern and suggested correction of ID in young women may partially restore impaired myelination of the visual pathway.
We have discovered that oligodendrocytes in the CNS are, in addition to myelination, required for the integrity and survival of axons, independent of the presence or absence of myelin itself.