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n. pl. my·o·car·di·a (-dē-ə)
The muscular tissue of the heart.

[New Latin : myo- + Greek kardiā, heart; see kerd- in Indo-European roots.]

my′o·car′di·al adj.


(Anatomy) of or relating to the muscular tissue of the heart
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.myocardial - of or relating to the myocardium


, myocardiac
a. miocárdico-a, rel. al miocardio;
___ contractioncontracción del miocardio;
___ diseasesmiocardiopatías.


adj miocárdico
References in periodicals archive ?
There are more and more evidences to show that prolonged conditioning through physical exercise, by combining intense isometric with isotonic effort (such as cycling, canoeing), may mimic pathological myocardial hypertrophy and leads to myocardial disease or sudden death.
Therefore, SSYX might be considered to be an alternative therapeutic remedy for myocardial hypertrophy.
Various compounds for which levels are elevated in cirrhosis such as nitric oxide and carbon monoxide can also exert a negative inotropic effect on the myocardium, whereas excess sodium and volume retention can lead to myocardial hypertrophy. Various toxins can also aggravate the ion channel defects, thereby widening the QRS complex causing prolonged QT intervals.
The same effect has been demonstrated in fetuses of diabetic mothers (FDMs) with myocardial hypertrophy, where the FOPI was higher than that in normal fetuses [15].
The significantly increased EF and decreased LVEDV was measured in the HFD rats, indicating that the ten-week HFD fed rats might develop the myocardial hypertrophy, observed as the thicker myocardium wall by CMR.
This occurs due to greater myocardial hypertrophy and stiffness after transplant, which in turn causes more systolic vessel compression.
SPR Protected against Myocardial Hypertrophy and Fibrosis in DCM.
In pathological process, miRNAs are linked to a variety of cardiovascular disease, including myocardial hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, heart failure and arrhythmias.
This increase, according to the author, may be due to the increase in the expression of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and BNP (brain natriuretic peptide) miRNAs, important molecules responsible for myocardial hypertrophy, which may have contributed to the increase in remodeling of the extracellular matrix (21).
At the pregnancy progresses, a decline in E-wave velocity points to a reduction in left ventricular compliance that is due to myocardial hypertrophy and increased peripheral resistance.
Bjornstad et al (9) reported 6 patients of BSCL presenting with myocardial hypertrophy. Rheuban et al (10) described 4 other similar patients.

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