They occur more frequently on the back of the hands and fingers (6,7), on the nail bed or nailfold
, which makes treatment more difficult (6).
(9.) Corrado A, Carpagnano GE, Gaudio A, Foschino-Barbaro MP, Cantatore FP Nailfold
capillaroscopic findings in systemic sclerosis related lung fibrosis and in idiopathic lung fibrosis.
Cutaneous clues suggestive of thrombosis in SLE patients include atrophie blanche, pseudo-Degos lesions, livedo racemosa, acral nonpalpable purpura or reticulate erythema, cutaneous necrosis, splinter hemorrhage, thrombophlebitis, and nailfold
Raynaud's phenomenon, abnormal nailfold
capillaries, and sclerodactyly also will be absent in pansclerotic morphea.
Moreover, spirometry, lung diffusion for carbon monoxide test, chest high-resolution computed tomography, echocardiography, nailfold
videocapillaroscopy, and esophagus X-ray were carried out in all patients at the baseline and during the follow-up, according to patients' clinical conditions.
capillaroscopy (DS Medica, Milan, Italy, 200 x magnification) was applied to all participants.
video capillaroscopy can be used to examine the retinal damage-related capillary changes, indicating a generalized microvessel involvement in both type 1 and 2 diabetic patients [18, 21].
Purpose: The aim of the study was the assessment of the influence of MLS laser therapy on morphological changes in nailfold
videocapillaroscopy (NVC), clinical features, and the serum NO level in patients with primary and secondary Raynaud's phenomenon (RP).
Erlandsson, "Capillary density: An important parameter in nailfold
capillaroscopy," Microvascular Research, vol.
capillaroscopy is an easy and noninvasive technique used to investigate dermal microvasculature.
Lee et al., "Influence of rheological parameters on the velocity of erythrocytes passing nailfold
capillaries in humans," Microvascular Research, vol.