In the food market, nanoelectromechanical systems
(NEMS) are already in use to analyze deleterious substances.
DLGSs in which the interlayer width is 0.34 nm  have specific chemical, mechanical, thermal, and electronic properties [3-10] and have been applied as constituent in nanoelectromechanical systems
(NEMS) and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS).
Nanobeams are used in several engineering applications either as components of nanoelectromechanical systems
or to strengthen composite materials.
An important target in industry is that of developing new technologies for microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and nanoelectromechanical systems
(NEMS), designed for a multitude of applications in many technical fields.
Although classical microfabrication technologies have allowed for miniaturization of devices in broad fields adapted from the integrated circuit (IC) to nanoelectromechanical systems
(NEMS), it is limited in building complex three-dimensional (3D) geometrical structures.
Potential usefulness of helical springs on this scale as sensors and actuators in nanoelectromechanical systems
has been successful tested with different materials (Kim et al., 2011; Gao et al., 2005; Korgel, 2005; Poggi et al., 2004).
Editors Raj and Tiwari present students, academics, researchers, and professionals working in a wide variety of contexts with a collection of academic papers and scholarly articles focused on the control of dimensional stability, quality, productivity, maintenance, and reliability of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and nanoelectromechanical systems
Lin and Zhao  studied the influence of the Casimir force on static pull-in behaviour of nanoelectromechanical systems
using lumped model.
The chapter topics are: the atomic structure of graphene and its few-layer counterparts; electronic, chemical, electron spin, mechanical, and thermal properties of graphene; methods for obtaining graphene; characterization techniques; and applications in electronic devices, spintronics, nanoelectromechanical systems
, freestanding graphene membranes, graphene-based energy, and superstrong graphene composites.
- Global Nanoelectromechanical Systems
(NEMS) Market (2012 - 2022) by Applications (STM/AFM, Medical, Gas/Flow Sensor, RF), Products (Switches, Cantilevers), Components (Nanotubes, Nanowires, Nanofilms), Materials (Graphene, ZnO, SiC, GaN, Si
Kayal, "On-chip mass sensing at the physical limits of nanoelectromechanical systems
," in Proceedings of the Advances in Sensors and Interfaces, pp.