naphtha


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naph·tha

 (năf′thə, năp′-)
n.
1. Any of several highly volatile, flammable liquid mixtures of hydrocarbons distilled from petroleum, coal tar, and natural gas and used as fuel, as solvents, and in making various chemicals. Also called benzine, ligroin, petroleum ether, white gasoline.
2. Obsolete Petroleum.

[Latin, from Greek, liquid bitumen, of Semitic origin; see npṭ in Semitic roots.]

naph′thous adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

naphtha

(ˈnæfθə; ˈnæp-)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) a distillation product from coal tar boiling in the approximate range 80–170°C and containing aromatic hydrocarbons
2. (Elements & Compounds) a distillation product from petroleum boiling in the approximate range 100–200°C and containing aliphatic hydrocarbons: used as a solvent and in petrol
3. (Elements & Compounds) an obsolete name for petroleum
[C16: via Latin from Greek, of Iranian origin; related to Persian neft naphtha]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

naph•tha

(ˈnæf θə, ˈnæp-)

n.
1. a colorless, volatile petroleum distillate, usu. an intermediate product between gasoline and benzine, used as a solvent and as a fuel.
2. any of various similar liquids distilled from other products.
[1565–75; < Latin < Greek náphthas, perhaps < Iranian *nafta, derivative of *nab- to be damp]
naph′thous, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

naph·tha

(năf′thə)
Any of several products made by refining petroleum or by breaking down coal tar. Naphtha is usually flammable, and is used as a solvent and as an ingredient in gasoline. It is also used to make plastics.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.naphtha - any of various volatile flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures; used chiefly as solvents
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
dissolvent, dissolver, dissolving agent, resolvent, solvent - a liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances; "the solvent does not change its state in forming a solution"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

naphtha

[ˈnæfθə] Nnafta f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

naphtha

nNaphtha nt or f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

naphtha

[ˈnæfθə] nnafta
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in classic literature ?
From the description given of it, it is evidently the bituminous oil, called petrolium or naphtha, which forms a principal ingredient in the potent medicine called British Oil.
Th' ascending pile Stood fixt her stately highth, and strait the dores Op'ning thir brazen foulds discover wide Within, her ample spaces, o're the smooth And level pavement: from the arched roof Pendant by suttle Magic many a row Of Starry Lamps and blazing Cressets fed With Naphtha and ASPHALTUS yeilded light As from a sky.
M2 PRESSWIRE-July 26, 2019-: Renewable Naphtha Market 2019 Global Analysis, Growth, Size, Share, Trends, Forecast to 2024
Part of the downward movement in oil prices last month was attribute to weak refining margins for Naphtha. However, if oil prices continue to rise, this might end the weakest Naphtha refining margins in years.
Reports said that QPSPP has the option to offer the light naphtha in several grades from Ras Laffan under the contract, and the first cargo has yet to be arranged.
Isramco announced that it has signed a definitive merger agreement with Naphtha Israel Petroleum Corporation and Naphtha US Oil, pursuant to which the Naphtha Group will acquire all of the common stock of Isramco issued and outstanding immediately prior to the effective time of the merger.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Iran is due to offer 10,000 tons of light naphtha, 2,000 tons of heavy naphtha and large cargoes of petrochemical products to domestic buyers through its energy bourse on Sunday, in a direct sale to bypass the US unilateral sanctions.
Tribune News network DOHA Qatar Petroleum, for and on behalf of Qatar Petroleum for the Sale of Petroleum Products Company (QPSPP), has concluded a five-year sales agreement to supply Japan's Marubeni Corporation an annual total of 200,000 metric tonnes of light naphtha starting from January 2019, the company said in a statement on Wednesday.
"This agreement not only strengthens our relations with Marubeni, but also reflects our strengthened ability to produce and export naphtha to the Asian market safely and reliably," HE Al-Kaabi said.
(HPL) in West Bengal, with a total of 600,000 tonnes of Light Naphtha starting in 2018.
South Korea's appetite for heavy full-range naphtha as an alternative feedstock to condensates, supported by firm demand from petrochemical firms SK Energy and Hanwha Total, has kept premiums near this year's highs, traders said.
Saudi Aramco has signed an agreement for the supply of "natural gasoline" feedstock to Sadara Chemical, reducing the joint venture's need for naphtha for its mixed feed cracker.