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Related to nardostachys jatamansi: Acorus calamus, spikenard, Withania somnifera


1. An aromatic perennial herb (Nardostachys grandiflora) of the Himalaya Mountains, having rose-purple flowers. Also called nard.
2. An ointment of antiquity, probably prepared from this plant.
3. Any of several plants of the genus Aralia, especially the North American species A. racemosa, having small greenish flowers, aromatic roots, and bipinnately compound leaves.

[Middle English, from Anglo-Norman, from Medieval Latin spīca nardī : Latin spīca, spike, ear + Latin nardī, genitive of nardus, nard.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈspaɪknɑːd; ˈspaɪkəˌnɑːd)
1. (Plants) an aromatic Indian valerianaceous plant, Nardostachys jatamans, having rose-purple flowers
2. (Elements & Compounds) an aromatic ointment obtained from this plant
3. (Plants) any of various similar or related plants
4. (Plants) a North American araliaceous plant, Aralia racemosa, having small green flowers and an aromatic root
Also called (for senses 1, 2): nard
[C14: from Medieval Latin spīca nardī; see spike2, nard]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈspaɪk nərd, -nɑrd)

1. an aromatic Indian plant, Nardostachys jatamansi, of the valerian family.
2. an aromatic substance used by the ancients, supposed to be obtained from this plant.
3. any of various other plants, esp. an American plant, Aralia racemosa, of the ginseng family, having an aromatic root.
[1300–50; Middle English < Medieval Latin spīca nardī. See spike2, nard]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spikenard - an aromatic ointment used in antiquityspikenard - an aromatic ointment used in antiquity
emollient, ointment, cream - toiletry consisting of any of various substances in the form of a thick liquid that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[ˈspaɪknɑːd] Nnardo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Antiurolithiatic activity of Nardostachys jatamansi DCon modified lithogenic diet induced urolithiasis in rats.
Nardostachys jatamansi inhibits severe acute pancreatitis via mitogen-activated protein kinases.
Wenxin Keli is a type of Chinese medicine composed of five different components: Nardostachys jatamansi DC (Gansong), Radix Notoginseng (Sanqi), Succinum (Hupo), Polygonatum sibiricum (Huangjing), and Codonopsis pilosula (Dangshen) [7,17-20].
f.) Hisar Rosaceae Kuntze Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Kutki Scrophulariaceae Benth Nardostachys jatamansi Jattamaansi Valerianaceae (D.Don.) DC Shrubs Berberis aristata DC.
[165] reported that Nardostachys jatamansi attenuated 6-hydroxydopamine-induced parkinsonism in rats via antilipid peroxidative potential.
ShenSongYangXin capsule (SSYXC) is another Chinese medication which is made up of Panax ginseng, Ophiopogon japonicus, Cornus officinalis Sieb., Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge., Ziziphus jujuba Mill., Taxillus chinensis Danser, Paeonia lactiflora Pall., ground beetle, Nardostachys jatamansi, Coptis chinensis Franch., Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd., and fossilia ossia mastodi.