(9) American English is relatively similar to British English; however, it has its own distinctive features in comparison to RP: a higher larynx position, narrower pharynx (tongue root being more retracted), retroflex gesture with the tongue tip, a slightly more open jaw, spread lips, and a lowered velum causing a high degree of coarticulatory nasalization
Backing was followed by nasalization
, weak production of sound, and double articulation errors (10%).
The construct state was marked by the absence of nasalization
on the head noun, e.g., Arabic rasul-u-n 'messenger' vs.
Comparison of functional results after ethmoidectomy and nasalization
for diffuse and severe nasal polyposis.
b) Simple Contextual Rules: r/rr; c/qu/g/gu; e/i - o/u; nasalization
; end-of-syllable m/n.
The picture was enriched with attention cueing when the speech organs had one of following features: (1) different shapes of lips when producing bilabials, bilabial fricatives, labiodental-fricatives, or stops; (2) nasalization
; (3) voiced sounds; and (4) the tongue in dental, alveolar, postalveolar, palatal, velar, or uvular positions.
The purpose of nasalization
is an adjustment of loanwords in language's own corpora.
As Kingston writes, "languages have the oral, nasal, and reduced vowels they do because vowels must be dispersed perceptually in the vowel space, certain vowel qualities are more salient than others, and a long vowel duration makes it possible for a listener to hear nasalization
while a short duration prevents the speaker from reaching a low target." Phonetic factors will form a part of any eventual complete explanation of the specific contents of the phoneme segment inventories of human languages (Kingston, 407).
This nasal glottal phoneme is identified by the presence of unmotivated (lexical) nasalization
on both on the preceding and following vowels.