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 (năch′ər-ə-lē, năch′rə-)
1. In a natural manner.
2. By nature; inherently.
3. Without a doubt; surely.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈnætʃrəlɪ; -tʃərə-)
1. in a natural or normal way
2. through nature; inherently; instinctively
adv, sentence substitute
of course; surely
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈnætʃ ər ə li, -əl li, ˈnætʃ rə li, -rəl li)

1. in a natural or normal manner.
2. by nature; innately or inherently.
3. of course; as would be expected; needless to say.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. 'surely'

You use surely for emphasis when you are objecting to something that has been said or done.

'I can have it ready for next week.' – 'Surely you can get it done sooner than that?'
Their lawyers claim that they have not broken any rules, but surely this is not good practice.
2. 'definitely' and 'certainly'

Don't use 'surely' simply to give strong emphasis to a statement. Use definitely.

They were definitely not happy.
The call definitely came from your phone.

In British English, you don't use 'surely' when you are agreeing with something that has been said, or confirming that something is true. Use certainly.

Ellie was certainly a student at the university but I'm not sure about her brother.
'You like him, don't you?' – 'I certainly do.'

American speakers use both surely and certainly to agree with requests and statements.

'It is still a difficult world for women.' – 'Oh, certainly.'
Surely, yes, I agree with that.

Don't use 'surely' to say emphatically that something will happen in the future. Use definitely or certainly.

The conference will definitely be postponed.
If nothing is done, there will certainly be problems.
3. 'naturally'

Don't use 'surely' to emphasize that something is what you would expect in particular circumstances. Use naturally.

His sister was crying, so naturally Sam was upset.
Naturally, some of the information will be irrelevant.
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.naturally - as might be expected; "naturally, the lawyer sent us a huge bill"
unnaturally - in a manner at variance with what is natural or normal; "The early Church not unnaturally adopted the position that failure to see the messianic character of his work was really caused by the people's own blindness"
2.naturally - according to nature; by natural means; without artificial help; "naturally grown flowers"
artificially, by artificial means, unnaturally - not according to nature; not by natural means; "artificially induced conditions"
3.naturally - through inherent nature; "he was naturally lazy"
4.naturally - in a natural or normal manner; "speak naturally and easily"
unnaturally - in an unnatural way; "his other arm lay across his chest, unnaturally, as if placed there deliberately, for a purpose"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. of course, certainly, obviously, needless to say, as a matter of course, as might be expected, as anticipated, not unexpectedly We are naturally concerned about the future.
2. typically, simply, normally, spontaneously, customarily A study of yoga leads naturally to meditation.
3. inherently, instinctively, by nature, innately, congenitally, by character Some individuals are naturally good communicators.
4. easily, automatically, instinctively, effortlessly, with ease, without thinking, intuitively, by instinct Playing football was just something that came naturally to me.
5. unaffectedly, normally, genuinely, sincerely, spontaneously, without airs, artlessly, unpretentiously Just act naturally and you'll be okay.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


In an expected or customary manner; for the most part:
Idioms: as usual, per usual.
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
بصورةٍ طَبيعيَّهبِطَبيعَتِهِطَبْعاًطَبيعي، طَبْعا
přirozeněsamozřejměod přírody
normálisantermészeténél fogvatermészetesen
aî eîlisfariauîvitaîeîlilega
doğal olarakdoğal şekildedoğuştantabiîtabiî ki
đương nhiên


[ˈnætʃrəlɪ] ADV
1. (= by a natural process) [happen, develop] → de forma natural
beans are naturally high in mineralslas alubias tienen de por sí un alto contenido de minerales
to die naturallymorir de muerte natural
to give birth naturallytener un parto natural
2. (= by nature) [cheerful, cautious] → por naturaleza
her hair is naturally curlytiene el pelo rizado natural
he is a naturally gifted singeres un cantante con un talento innato
playing the violin seems to come naturally to herparece que hubiera nacido sabiendo tocar el violín
I just do what comes naturallysimplemente hago lo que me sale
winning seems to come naturally to himse diría que ganar no le supone ningún esfuerzo
3. (= unaffectedly) [behave, speak] → con naturalidad, con espontaneidad
4. (= as a consequence) [follow, lead] → como consecuencia natural
5. (= obviously) → naturalmente, por supuesto
naturally, I understand your feelingsnaturalmente or por supuesto, sé cómo te sientes
"did you tell him?" - "naturally"-¿se lo dijiste? -por supuesto
naturally enoughcomo es natural, lógicamente
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ˈnætʃərəli] adv
(= of course) → naturellement
Naturally, we were very disappointed → Naturellement, nous avons été très déçus.
"naturally!" → "naturellement!"
(= in nature) [occur] → naturellement
vitamins and minerals which occur naturally in certain foods → les vitamines et minéraux présents naturellement dans certains aliments
to be found naturally in sth → être naturellement présent(e) dans qch
Iodine is found naturally in sea fish, seafood and seaweed → L'iode est naturellement présente dans les poissons de mer, les fruits de mer et les algues.
(= by nature) [gifted, optimistic, confident] → naturellement
Some people are naturally optimistic → Certaines personnes sont naturellement optimistes.
to come naturally to sb → venir naturellement à qn
[behave, react] → naturellement
(= logically) to lead naturally to sth → mener naturellement à qch
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(= of course)natürlich; (= understandably)verständlicherweise
(= unaffectedly) behave, speaknatürlich, ungekünstelt
(= by nature)von Natur aus; he is naturally artistic/lazyer ist künstlerisch veranlagt/von Natur aus faul
(= not taught)natürlich, instinktiv; to do what comes naturallyseiner Natur or seinem Trieb folgen; it comes naturally to himdas fällt ihm leicht; concern for the elderly comes naturally to himdie Sorge um ältere Menschen ist für ihn selbstverständlich
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ˈnætʃrəlɪ] adv
a. (gen) → naturalmente
b. (by nature, gifted) → di natura, per natura
he is naturally lazy → è pigro per natura
my hair is naturally curly → i miei capelli sono ricci per natura
a naturally optimistic person → un ottimista per natura
it comes naturally to him to do ... → gli viene spontaneo fare...
c. (unaffectedly, behave, speak) → con naturalezza, in modo naturale
d. (of course) → naturalmente, certo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(ˈnӕtʃərəl) adjective
1. of or produced by nature, not made by men. Coal, oil etc are natural resources; Wild animals are happier in their natural state than in a zoo.
2. born in a person. natural beauty; He had a natural ability for music.
3. (of manner) simple, without pretence. a nice, natural smile.
4. normal; as one would expect. It's quite natural for a boy of his age to be interested in girls.
5. of a musical note, not sharp or flat. G natural is lower in pitch than G sharp.
1. a person who is naturally good at something.
2. in music (a sign ( ) indicating) a note which is not to be played sharp or flat.
ˈnaturalist noun
a person who studies animal and plant life.
ˈnaturally adverb
1. of course; as one would expect. Naturally I didn't want to risk missing the train.
2. by nature; as a natural characteristic. She is naturally kind.
3. normally; in a relaxed way. Although he was nervous, he behaved quite naturally.
natural gas
gas suitable for burning, found underground or under the sea.
natural history
the study of plants and animals.
natural resources
sources of energy, wealth etc which occur naturally and are not made by man, eg coal, oil, forests etc.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


طَبْعاً samozřejmě naturligvis natürlich φυσικά naturalmente luonnollisesti naturellement naravno naturalmente 当然 자연히 natuurlijk naturligvis naturalnie naturalmente естественно naturligt อย่างเป็นธรรมชาติ doğal olarak đương nhiên 自然地
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
Collins Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
Hence it is evident that a city is a natural production, and that man is naturally a political animal, and that whosoever is naturally and not accidentally unfit for society, must be either inferior or superior to man: thus the man in Homer, who is reviled for being "without society, without law, without family." Such a one must naturally be of a quarrelsome disposition, and as solitary as the birds.
A beginning is that which does not itself follow anything by causal necessity, but after which something naturally is or comes to be.
But then of course one would have to be naturally good and I'll never be that, so I suppose there's no use in thinking about it.
Those contraries which are such that the subjects in which they are naturally present, or of which they are predicated, must necessarily contain either the one or the other of them, have no intermediate, but those in the case of which no such necessity obtains, always have an intermediate.
That consideration naturally tends to create great respect for the high opinion which the people of America have so long and uniformly entertained of the importance of their continuing firmly united under one federal government, vested with sufficient powers for all general and national purposes.
These--whatever they were--were of massive grey stone, probably limestone rudely cut--if indeed they were not shaped naturally. The fall of the ground was steep all along the ridge, so steep that here and there both trees and rocks and buildings seemed to overhang the plain far below, through which ran many streams.
This being the field marshal's frame of mind he was naturally regarded as merely a hindrance and obstacle to the impending war.
The habits of intercourse, on the basis of equal privileges, to which we have been accustomed since the earliest settlement of the country, would give a keener edge to those causes of discontent than they would naturally have independent of this circumstance.
Shrinking, naturally, from allowing her husband to be annoyed, and probably cheated as well, by any person who claimed, however preposterously, a family connection with herself, it had been her practice, for many years past, to assist the captain from her own purse, on the condition that he should never come near the house, and that he should not presume to make any application whatever to Mr.
Being well aware of my own defects, I naturally distrust myself."
Being naturally great mimics of men's actions, they showed themselves most apt pupils, and when arrayed in their rich clothes and masks, they danced as well as any of the courtiers.
The Cohesive Power of Public Plunder quietly remarked that the two bosses would, he supposed, naturally be his share.