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 (nē-ăn′dər-thôl′, -tôl′, nā-än′dər-täl′)
1. also Ne·an·der·tal (-tôl′, -täl′)
a. A species of extinct hominins (Homo neanderthalensis) that lived throughout most of Europe and western and central Asia during the late Pleistocene Epoch until about 30,000 years ago. Members of this species had a large skull and stocky build and are associated with Middle Paleolithic tools.
b. An individual belonging to this species.
2. Slang A crude, boorish, or slow-witted person.
1. also Ne·an·der·tal (-tôl′, -täl′) Of, having to do with, or resembling Neanderthals.
2. Slang Crude, boorish, or slow-witted.

[After Neanderthal (Neandertal), a valley of western Germany near Düsseldorf where remains of these humans were found in 1856.]

Ne·an′der·thal′oid′ (-thô′loid′, -tô′-, -tä′-) adj.


(Anthropology & Ethnology) resembling Neanderthal man
References in periodicals archive ?
My longest e-s words were alliterational and Neanderthaloid (14 letters each).
Fleure was keen to warn his readers that while this collection of characteristics was highly suggestive, "there are many objections to the assumptions of Neanderthaloid relationships save, perhaps, of a very distant kind".
The humans who lived in Africa and eastern and southeastern Asia (the area of Siberia was not inhabited nor had the conquest of Oceania or America started) are not included in a single denomination because of the lack of sufficient remains to be able to construct an overall picture, and the old names of non-European Neanderthals or Neanderthaloids are not acceptable.