negative reinforcer


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Related to negative reinforcer: positive reinforcer, Continuous Reinforcement
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Noun1.negative reinforcer - a reinforcing stimulus whose removal serves to decrease the likelihood of the response that produced it
reinforcer, reinforcing stimulus, reinforcement - (psychology) a stimulus that strengthens or weakens the behavior that produced it
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
This way, some thoughts would acquire aversive functions because of being part of an overarching trigger signaling an abstract negative reinforcer at the top of a hierarchical network of negative reinforcers.
A negative reinforcer is something for which the person will adapt their behaviour in order to avoid e.g.
The command is now a conditioned positive punisher (the dog's behavior makes a bad thing happen) and/or negative reinforcer (the dog's behavior makes a bad thing go away; the punishment stops when the dog finally comes).
Reinforcement can be classified into four kinds: (a) positive reinforcement (giving positive reinforcer), (b) punishment (giving negative reinforcer), (c) punishment (withdrawing positive reinforcer), and (d) negative reinforcement (withdrawing negative reinforcer).
This is the idea behind using a negative reinforcer to extinguish certain behaviors.
A child with autism was provided the opportunity to choose a positive reinforcer (i.e., potato chip) or negative reinforcer (i.e., break) after completing a scheduled number of responses.
You can explain to help parents slow down the pattern but there is still that negative reinforcer of that "desirable" number.
Indeed, stigmatization as a negative reinforcer can have a salutary effect, minimizing needless visits to professional mental health professionals.
The lack of a negative reinforcer and the continued absence of the CS-US pairing would predict an eventual abatement of avoidant responding.
The command is now a conditioned negative reinforcer (dog's behavior makes a bad thing go away).
According to Skinner's definition, punishment is a procedure in which responses are followed by either (a) the removal of a positive reinforcer, or (b) the presentation of a negative reinforcer (or aversive stimulus).
For example, Michael argued (and see also McDevitt & Fantino, 1993) that electric shock does not function as an operant discriminative stimulus for rats' lever pressing but rather (as a stimulus) establishes the operation by which shock removal functions as an operant negative reinforcer. Similarly, food deprivation, which also produces a set of interoceptive states (e.g., Davidson, 1998) is not a discriminative stimulus for lever pressing but does establish the operation by which a food pellet functions as a positive reinforcer.

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