negative stimulus

Also found in: Thesaurus.
Related to negative stimulus: aversive stimulus, Negative punishment
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.negative stimulus - a stimulus with undesirable consequences
stimulant, stimulus, stimulation, input - any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action
bother, botheration, pain in the neck, infliction, annoyance, pain - something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness; "washing dishes was a nuisance before we got a dish washer"; "a bit of a bother"; "he's not a friend, he's an infliction"
aversive stimulus - any negative stimulus to which an organism will learn to make a response that avoids it
headache, worry, vexation, concern - something or someone that causes anxiety; a source of unhappiness; "New York traffic is a constant concern"; "it's a major worry"
grief, sorrow - something that causes great unhappiness; "her death was a great grief to John"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Psychologists describe how we usually respond strongly to initial positive or negative stimulus, but when the stimulus is repeated often, our response becomes weaker, even reaching the point of extinction, meaning no response at all.
In turn, if the subjects' responses are slower in invalid trials following negative words as compared to responses on invalid trials following neutral words, this suggests that they have a problem with disengaging attention from a negative stimulus (Amir et al., 2003; Derakshan et al., 2007; Hoppitt & Mackintosh, 2009; Cisler et al., 2009; Klumpp & Amir, 2009, Bannerman et al., 2010; see also Fox, 2002; Cisler & Koster, 2010).
The practice phase consisted of two types of blocks: "pro-Catholic" and "pro-Protestant." During a "pro-Catholic" practice block, participants had to affirm the relation between "Catholics" and "good" or "Protestants" and "bad," as well as reject the relation between "Catholics" and "bad" or "Protestants" and "good." Stated more precisely, a correct response required participants to select "True" when "Catholics" appeared with a positive stimulus (e.g., "nice") or when "Protestants" appeared with a negative stimulus (e.g., "nasty").
Alternate responses are created on the principle of Reciprocal Inhibition, where an incompatible response is produced to counter the negative stimulus. Mathematics, which has become a threatening stimulus due to various reasons, can be de-conditioned by practicing these techniques based on reciprocal inhibition.
Control of adolescents' arbitrary matching to sample by positive and negative stimulus relations.
This involves giving treats and praise as the negative stimulus is occurring.
Furthermore, a congruent emotional negative stimulus formed by painting and music affective stimuli presented simultaneously increased activity of structures involved in emotion processing (amygdala, hippocampus, parahippocampus, insula, striatum, medial ventral frontal cortex, cerebellum, fusiform gyrus; Baumgartner et al., 2006).
Positive reinforcement is particularly helpful for reducing stress as animals in fear of a negative stimulus, such as a cattle prod, suffer from increased cortisol levels.
This is particularly significant, as it suggests that this is a characteristic response to negative stimulus in GAD, and these patients' negative bias could not change at the early stage of perception after reappraisal.
Religion once considered a binding force in Pakistani milieu seems to have become a negative stimulus, which reinforces divisive thoughts, feelings of hatred and notions of vengeance among general public.
Both training methods use gradual exposure to a negative stimulus to change the cat's association to a positive one.