(37) Mondrian described his non-representational paintings as a form of neoplasticism
, his term for art that had reduced painting to pure abstraction.
This was when he developed what became his signature style -- neoplasticism
. His paintings had three primary colors on a black and white grid.
That said, all of the artists represented wished to move away from the imitative conception of art--rather than a wholesale rejection of figuration, this involved their choosing from among the new artistic languages--Cubism, purism, Constructivism, and even Neoplasticism
. Cahn's works, for example, indicate her proximity to Leger's simplification of objects and to Ozenfant's purism.
From 1926, the Nantes-born Gorin followed Piet Mondrian's directive--to distil art to its essential elements, as expressed in bold horizontals and verticals, and blocks of primary colour--and became a disciple of neoplasticism
. At the Palais de la Bourse meanwhile, the Salon itself offers many opportunities to consider the varying pathways of 20th-century abstraction.
The final two essays, by Janaya Lasker and Giovanni Lista, enlarge the focus of the volume towards the language of abstraction: Lasker proposes an intertextual reading of Benedetta's Le forze umane against the backdrop of Mondrian's Neoplasticism
, while Lista reassesses the abstract style of Giacomo Balla's late period.
Mondrian called his art Neoplasticism
and he wrote about its meaning in a manifesto.
His work in Paris culminated in a new art movement known as De Stijl or neoplasticism
Working with leading Dutch modernist artists and architects in the 1910s and 1920s, Kroller-Muller and her husband, Anion, envisioned a museum where the public could enjoy and study the development of modern painting from Pointillism and Cubism to Neoplasticism
There are three forms of abstraction that really stand out: Cubism, Neoplasticism
, and Abstract Expressionism - stay with me, OK?
Influenced at first by cubism, Mondrian developed a progressively linear, nonobjective style, known as neoplasticism
. He founded the Stijl school and formulated his ideas in the book Le Neo - Plasticisme (1920), which had an influence on the Bauhaus group.
Mondrian initially called his theory of abstraction, Neoplasticism
, "Abstract-Real" because it was based on the equilibrated relationship of abstraction and reality.
On his way to developing the style and theory of Neoplasticism
and the rectangular grids for which he is most famous, Mondrian created trees and landscapes that were inspired by various art movements.