striatum

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Related to neostriatum: paleostriatum

striatum

(straɪˈeɪtəm)
n
(Anatomy) anatomy a striped mass of white and grey matter in the brain which controls movement and balance
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.striatum - a striped mass of white and grey matter located in front of the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere; consists of the caudate nucleus and the lenticular nucleus
basal ganglion - any of several masses of subcortical grey matter at the base of each cerebral hemisphere that seem to be involved in the regulation of voluntary movement
caudate, caudate nucleus - a tail-shaped basal ganglion located in a lateral ventricle of the brain
lenticular nucleus, lentiform nucleus - a basal ganglion shaped like a lens and including the outer reddish putamen and the inner pale yellow pallidum
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Enkephalin Surges in Dorsal Neostriatum as a Signal to Eat.
Mutant HTT, which contains pathologically extended polyglutamines, causes the earliest and most dramatic neuropathological changes in the neostriatum and cerebral cortex (3), whereas a loss of wild-type HTT function contributes to disease development (5-9).
From a neuroanatomical perspective, motor learning requires the development and retention of several skills, depending on the structural and functional integrity of the neostriatum and the cerebellum.
In [11], the behaviour of dopamine released from a small iontophoresis electrode and its voltammetric detection by a carbon fiber sensor 100pm away is presented as a basis for developing a new paradigm for measuring dopamine kinetics in intact rat neostriatum. In [11], the presented model was derived from the work of diffusion in a punctual iontophoretic source where the lineal term of absorption is replaced by a nonlinear expression that describes a Michaelis-Menten kinetic given by a constant [V.sub.m], the Michaelis-Menten constant [K.sub.m].
Gunturkun, "Afferent and efferent connections of the caudolateral neostriatum in the pigeon (columba livia): A retro- and anterograde pathway tracing study," Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol.
Auditory emotional memories: establishment by projections from the medial geniculate nucleus to the posterior neostriatum and/or dorsal amygdala.
For example, the neostriatum and basal ganglia for habit learning (Knowlton, Mangels, & Squire, 1996; Yin & Knowlton, 2006), prefrontal regions for conceptual priming (Dobbins, Schnyer, Verfaellie, & Schacter, 2004; Maccota & Buckner, 2004; Wig, Grafton, Demos, & Kelley, 2005), the occipital lobe for perceptual priming (Gong et al., 2016; Keane, Gabrieli, Mapstone, Johnson, & Corkin, 1995), and the amygdala for fear and emotional learning (Bechara et al., 1995; Johansen et al., 2010; Orsini & Maren, 2012).
Kitai, "Recurrent inhibition in the rat neostriatum.", Brain Res., vol.
The second aim was to explore the differences in the morphology of the type III aspiny neurons from two parts of the human neostriatum, using standard and modified BC method.
Fuxe, "Direct chemical stimulation of dopaminergic mechanisms in the neostriatum of the rat," Brain Research, vol.
Lasting reduction of cocaine action in neostriatum --a hydrolase gene therapy approach.
Comparison of microRNA expression in hippocampus and the marginal division (MrD) of the neostriatum in rats.