Technique and complications of percutaneous nephroscopy
: experience with 557 patients in the supine position.
Following percutaneous resection, BCG therapy is usually recommended 1 week after the second follow-up nephroscopy
(after ruling out extravasion and obstruction) and administered once a week for 6 weeks (360 mg BCG/150 mL saline, [less than or equal to]20 cm H2O pressure and 1 mL/min instillation rate, total of 2.5 hours per session) with intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis (64).
After visible stones were removed through nephroscopy
combined with ultrasound lithotripsy, the stones of other parts were treated through F4.8 visual puncture SMP with holmium laser.
After the soft protein matrix was completely removed, papillary lesions were observed on the surface of the diverticulum using percutaneous nephroscopy
(Figure 3), and a biopsy was performed.
and fluoroscopy were used to assess stone removal, a 16 F nephrostomy catheter was placed for drainage (Fig.
Villarroya et al., "Why is percutaneous nephroscopy
still performed with the patient prone?," Journal of Endourology, vol.
The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of single lower calyceal tract combined with flexible nephroscopy
for the management of staghorn renal stones by PCNL.
The simultaneous use of the nephroscopy
and fURS in our approach was thought to help reduce excessive movement of the PCNL tract, thereby reducing renal parenchymal injury and bleeding.
Clearance was checked under fluoroscopy and nephroscopy
. A decision was made to insert Double J stent and/or Nephrostomy tube based on surgeons' assessment of bleeding and presence of residual calculi.
Rupel and Brown performed the first nephroscopy
PCNL includes four steps: access to the kidney, dilatation of the tract (access site), nephroscopy
and fragmentation of stones, and Anally inserting a nephrostomy tube.