nerol


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to nerol: geraniol, Neroli, linalool

ne·rol

 (nîr′ôl, -ŏl, -ōl, nĕr′-)
n.
A fragrant colorless liquid alcohol, C10H18O, derived chiefly from orange blossoms and used in perfumery and flavorings.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

nerol

(ˈnɛrɒl)
n
(Chemistry) chem an alcohol with formula C10H18O, considered to smell like roses, and present in neroli oil and other essential oils
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Cardamom oil consists of vital elements such as methyl eugenol, pinene, sabinene, linalyl acetate, geraniol, nerol, citronellol, etc.
Components Caryophyllene 0.00 Diacetone alcohol 0.00 Heptadecane 1.33 Germacrene-D 0.40 Geranyl acetate 0.31 Citronellol 1.81 Nerol 2.33 Acetic acid, phenylethyl ester 0.65 Geraniol 3.37 Benzyl alcohol 0.57 Nonadecane 14.89 9-Nonadecane 3.09a Phenyl ethyl alcohol 22.16 Eicosane 1.18 Heneicosane 9.78 Tricosane 10.89 Triacontane 12.95 Tetradecanol 0.73 1-octanyl-4-ol 1.23a 2-ethyl-2-methyl-1,3-propandiol 1.07 1-octanol,2,2,dimethyl 1.20 Concrete efficiency (%) 0.34 Table 2.
The compounds produced by the essential oil of lime leaves include limonene, [beta] pinen, sabinene, (E)-[beta]-Ocimene, a-pinen, myrcene, linalool, geranial, neral, citronellol, geranilacetate, nerilacetate, geraniol, and anti fungal nerol (17).
In plants they are derived from 9-hydroxy nerol by phosphorylation followed by cyclization, oxidation and glycosidation in several steps [36].
Our group has been investigating interactions between components of mixed monolayers and between monolayers and the sub-phase with an objective to examine and control the reactivity in various systems such as the film of monoterpenoid alcohol, nerol, over acidic subphase [5], of 1-phenyl-1-hexadecanol over chromic acid [6], mixed monolayers of octadecylamine and 1-octadecanethiol [7], a long-chain thiourea and a fatty acid [8] and several others [9-14].
Eur J Nerol. 2005;12(2):103-7, doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1331.2004.00956.
Other products such as [beta]-caryophyllene, isoledene, elemene, 1.8-cineole, copaene, and nerol are also present with variable ratios.
Chemical standards of [alpha]-pinene, linalool, [alpha]-humulene ([alpha]-caryophyllene), nerol, 2-phenylethyl alcohol (PEA), [beta]-caryophyllene, citronellol, geraniol, methyl eugenol, and eugenol were supplied from Sigma Aldrich (USA) while NaCl was purchased from Merck (Germany).
This plant gathers medicinal importance due to the presence of eugenol, fernesol, nerol, tryptanthrine, indigo, indirubin, isatin, linoleic acid, [alpha]- and [beta]-amirins, carotenoids, sterols, phenolic compounds, rutin, quercetin, kaempherol, famaricetin, luteolin, saponin, alkaloids, terpenoids, tannins, triterpenoids, anthocyanin, flavonoids, steroids, anthraquinones, citric acid, tartaric acid, couroupitine, and pelargonidin glycosides [6-8].
Some of the major compounds include monoterpene hydrocarbons (p-cymene, limonene, [alpha]-pinene, and [alpha]-terpinene), oxygenated monoterpenes (camphor, carvacrol, eugenol, and thymol), diterpenes (cembrene C, kaurene, and camphorene), sesquiterpene hydrocarbons ([beta]-caryophyllene, germacrene D, and humulene), oxygenated sesquiterpenes (spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide), monoterpene alcohols (geraniol, linalool, and nerol), sesquiterpene alcohol (patchoulol), aldehydes (citral, cuminal), acids (geranic acid, benzoic acid), ketones (acetophenone, benzophenone), lactones (bergapten), phenols (eugenol, thymol, carvacrol, and catechol), esters (bornyl acetate, ethyl acetate), and coumarins (fumarin, benzofuran) [1, 4, 8, 13, 104, 105].