nerve cell


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nerve cell

n.
1. See neuron.
2. The body of a neuron without its axon and dendrites.

nerve cell

n
(Anatomy) another name for neurone

neu•ron

(ˈnʊər ɒn, ˈnyʊər-)

n.
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Also called nerve cell. Also, esp. Brit.,neu•rone (-oʊn)
[1880–85; < Greek neûron sinew, cord, nerve]
neu•ron•al (ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-) adj.
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nerve cell

nerve cell

Any of the cells of the nervous system. Nerve cells typically consist of a cell body, which contains a nucleus and receives incoming nerve impulses, and an axon, which carries impulses away from the cell body. Also called neuron. See more at cell.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nerve cell - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulsesnerve cell - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
gangliocyte, ganglion cell - a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system; "damage to ganglion cells in the retina may play a role in the development of glaucoma"
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
efferent neuron, motoneuron, motor nerve fiber, motor neuron - a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
axon, axone - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
dendrite - short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
Translations
hermosolu

nerve cell

ncellula nervosa, neurone m
References in classic literature ?
The Hyla is the little green tree frog, and Beale has founded some of his views on protoplasm upon the appearancer, of its nerve cells.
When the brain gives an order to a muscle, it does so using electrochemical signals which transmit information from one nerve cell to the next.
Washington, Oct 8 (ANI): In a breakthrough study, scientists have successfully created nerve cell connections with the help of artificial substances, a major advance, which the researchers say, will help make nerve cell repair possible.
5 New research shows that Ecstasy may cause nerve cell endings to initially swell, and then wither and die.
They have shown that nerve cell contacts established during a learning process stay even when they are no longer required.
Faults in the four genes appear to trigger nerve cell death in different ways.
NEURODUR combines the nerve cell targeting molecule, taurine, with valproic acid.
Fishman compares the process to hitting the nerve cell over the head with a large electrode hammer.
In those mice the researchers observed evidence of oligodendrocyte-mediated remyelination of nerve cell axons.
Salzer's group found that the less NRG-1 a nascent nerve cell cranks out, the thinner the myelin sheath provided by glial cells.