nerve cell


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nerve cell

n.
1. See neuron.
2. The body of a neuron without its axon and dendrites.

nerve cell

n
(Anatomy) another name for neurone

neu•ron

(ˈnʊər ɒn, ˈnyʊər-)

n.
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Also called nerve cell. Also, esp. Brit.,neu•rone (-oʊn)
[1880–85; < Greek neûron sinew, cord, nerve]
neu•ron•al (ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-) adj.
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nerve cell

nerve cell

Any of the cells of the nervous system. Nerve cells typically consist of a cell body, which contains a nucleus and receives incoming nerve impulses, and an axon, which carries impulses away from the cell body. Also called neuron. See more at cell.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nerve cell - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulsesnerve cell - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
gangliocyte, ganglion cell - a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system; "damage to ganglion cells in the retina may play a role in the development of glaucoma"
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
efferent neuron, motoneuron, motor nerve fiber, motor neuron - a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
axon, axone - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
dendrite - short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
Translations
hermosolu

nerve cell

ncellula nervosa, neurone m
References in classic literature ?
"The Hyla is the little green tree frog, and Beale has founded some of his views on protoplasm upon the appearancer, of its nerve cells. It is a subject in which I take an interest."
To answer this, the scientists used a technique that allowed them to detect the signals in the nerve fibres from a single nerve cell. They examined 100 healthy volunteers and looked for nerve cells that conducted signals as rapidly as the nerve cells that detect touch, but that had the properties of pain receptors, otherwise known as nociceptors.
In two studies, research teams from the University of Bonn, the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, and the Max Planck Institute for Experimental Medicine in Gottingen describe a model derived from stem cells that consists of only one human nerve cell.
For this reason, the UKB scientists, together with the Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Experimental Medicine in Gttingen and the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, developed and tested a cell culture model consisting of a single nerve cell obtained from human iPS cells via a highly standardized cell programming method.
Researchers have discovered one of the factors behind nerve cell death in Parkinson's disease, unlocking the potential for new treatment to slow the progression of this fatal neurodegenerative disorder.
"It's a really intriguing study." A better understanding of how nerve cells find their targets could help scientists coax new cells to grow after a spinal cord injury or design better materials for nerve cell implants.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Researchers develop a computer model to explain how nerve cell connections form in the visual cortex.
Fidyka's success story certainly has many implications in the world of stem cell research and nerve cell regeneration.
Tokyo, Japan, Apr 25, 2007 - (JCN) - Riken in conjunction with Tokyo Institute of Technology announced on April 23, that a research conducted on monkeys, testing to find the correct and incorrect answer, unveiled two types of nerve cell groups in the frontal lobe of the cerebrum.
Once the plaque matures (right), parts of the nerve cell (neuron), like the axon and dendrites, begin to degenerate.
Several experimental drugs have begun to show promise in enhancing nerve cell communication, regulating defective cell processes, protecting nerve cells from damage brought on by Alzheimer's and repairing damaged nerve cells in the brain.
There's increasing interest, he says, in how long-term changes in brain circuitry--like new nerve cell production--affect eating and hunger.