neural structure


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Noun1.neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
anatomical structure, bodily structure, body structure, complex body part, structure - a particular complex anatomical part of a living thing; "he has good bone structure"
corpus mamillare, mamillary body, mammillary body - one of two small round structures on the undersurface of the brain that form the terminals of the anterior arches of the fornix
ganglion - an encapsulated neural structure consisting of a collection of cell bodies or neurons
reflex arc - the neural path of a reflex
nerve center, nerve centre, center, centre - a cluster of nerve cells governing a specific bodily process; "in most people the speech center is in the left hemisphere"
cerebral hemisphere, hemisphere - either half of the cerebrum
piriform area, piriform lobe, pyriform area, pyriform lobe - pear-shaped neural structure on either side of the brain in the rhinencephalon
olfactory bulb - one of two enlargements at the terminus of the olfactory nerve at the base of the brain just above the nasal cavities
brain, encephalon - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
neencephalon, neoencephalon - the part of the brain having the most recent phylogenetic origin; the cerebral cortex and related parts
palaeencephalon, paleencephalon, paleoencephalon - the more primitive parts of the brain phylogenetically; most structures other than the cerebral cortex
cerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
cerebellar hemisphere - either of two lateral lobes of the cerebellum
vermis, vermis cerebelli - the narrow central part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres
paleocerebellum - the anterior lobe of the cerebellum which was one of the earliest parts of the hindbrain to develop in mammals
cerebral cortex, cerebral mantle, cortex, pallium - the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
geniculate body - one of four small oval masses that protrude slightly from the underside of the thalamus and function as synaptic centers on the way to the cerebral cortex
cerebrum - anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; dominant part of the brain in humans
medulla oblongata, medulla, bulb - lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata); "the medulla oblongata is the most vital part of the brain because it contains centers controlling breathing and heart functioning"
forebrain, prosencephalon - the anterior portion of the brain; the part of the brain that develops from the anterior part of the neural tube
hippocampus - a complex neural structure (shaped like a sea horse) consisting of grey matter and located on the floor of each lateral ventricle; intimately involved in motivation and emotion as part of the limbic system; has a central role in the formation of memories
cingulate gyrus, gyrus cinguli - a long curved structure on the medial surface of the cerebral hemispheres; the cortical part of the limbic system
telencephalon - the anterior division of the forebrain; the cerebrum and related parts of the hypothalamus
betweenbrain, diencephalon, interbrain, thalmencephalon - the posterior division of the forebrain; connects the cerebral hemispheres with the mesencephalon
limbic brain, limbic system, visceral brain - a system of functionally related neural structures in the brain that are involved in emotional behavior
subthalamus - the ventral part of the thalamus
thalamus - large egg-shaped structures of grey matter that form the dorsal subdivision of the diencephalon
hypothalamus - a basal part of the diencephalon governing autonomic nervous system
mesencephalon, midbrain - the middle portion of the brain
locus niger, nucleus niger, substantia nigra - a layer of deeply pigmented grey matter in the midbrain; associated with the striate body; is involved in metabolic disturbances associated with Parkinson's disease and with Huntington's disease
hindbrain, rhombencephalon - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
myelencephalon - the posterior part of the hindbrain in developing vertebrates; forms the medulla oblongata in adults
pons Varolii, pons - a band of nerve fibers linking the medulla oblongata and the cerebellum with the midbrain
brain stem, brainstem, brain-stem - the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
References in periodicals archive ?
This web-like neural structure enables machines to process data with a non-linear approach-essentially teaching itself to analyze information through what is known as training data.
While previous work examining the relationship of DKA to cognition and neural structure has focused upon children and adolescents, researchers at Emory University and the Georgia Institute of Technology, both in Atlanta, set out of evaluate for the first time acute neuroanatomical and cognitive changes in adult patients with first and recurrent episodes of DKA.
Artificial neurons are somewhat crude computational replicas rely on the neural structure of the brain.
There are multiple variations for biasing the median, radial and ulnar nerves in ULNTs; however, all require skilled manual handling to ensure the intended neural structure is progressively loaded, thereby achieving an accurate test of the nerves' mechanosensitivity (Butler 2000).
Rob Barton, Professor in Evolutionary Anthropology at Durham University, said: "This is an exciting time in the development of brain science, with new insights into how brains are organised and how they work coming from a battery of increasingly sophisticated kit for probing neural structure and function.
This guide identifies research techniques in neuroscience: whole-brain imaging, animal behavior techniques, stereotaxic surgeries and in vivo techniques, electrophysiology, microscopy, visualizing neural structure and function, manipulating neural activity (a new chapter), identifying genes and proteins, molecular cloning and recombinant DNA technology, gene delivery strategies, making and using transgenic organisms, manipulating endogenous genes, cell culture techniques, and biochemical assays and intracellular signaling.
Psychotherapy legitimately could be relabeled "neuropsychotherapy" to indicate that it has an impact on the neural structure and function that underpin the "psyche"--that collection of thoughts, feelings, memories, and impulses that are a product of activity in specific brain pathways, just as other brain pathways produce movement and sensation.
Mental activity requires neural activity; neural activity sculpts neural structure," says neuropsychologist Rick Hanson, founder of the Wellspring Institute for Neuroseience and Contemplative Wisdom and author of Buddha's Brain: The Practical Neuroscience of Happiness, Love, and Wisdom.
Each neural structure has particular specific neural information, which is comparable to specific heat.
As in Theorem 2 in [6]; SN P systems can sort a vector of natural numbers where each number is given as number of spikes introduced in the neural structure.
Being able to rotate a patient 180 degrees, and manipulate from both sides of the spine, means that the Tawam operating team can restore alignment and dislocate locked facets without endangering the delicate neural structure.