neuroglia


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Related to neuroglia: Schwann cells

neu·rog·li·a

 (no͝o-rŏg′lē-ə, nyo͝o-, no͝or′ə-glē′ə, -glī′-, nyo͝or′-)
n.
The supportive tissue of the nervous system, including the network of branched cells in the central nervous system (astrocytes, microglia, and oligodendrocytes) and the supporting cells of the peripheral nervous system (Schwann cells and satellite cells). Also called glia.

[neuro- + Medieval Greek glia, glue; see zoogloea.]

neu·rog′li·al adj.

neuroglia

(njʊˈrɒɡlɪə)
n
(Anatomy) another name for glia

neu•rog•li•a

(nʊˈrɒg li ə, nyʊ-)

n.
a class of cells in the brain and spinal cord that form a supporting and insulating structure for the neurons.
[1870–75; neuro- + Late Greek glía glue]
neu•rog′li•al, adj.

neuroglia

Cells in nerve tissue that support the cells that convey nerve impulses.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.neuroglia - sustentacular tissue that surrounds and supports neurons in the central nervous system; glial and neural cells together compose the tissue of the central nervous system
interstitial tissue - tissue between the cells of a structure or part in plant or animal
glial cell, neurogliacyte, neuroglial cell - a cell of the neuroglia
astroglia, macroglia - tissue consisting of large stellate neuroglial cells
microglia - neuroglial tissue of mesodermal origin that can become phagocytic
oligodendria, oligodendroglia - tissue consisting of glial cells with sheetlike processes that form the myelin sheath of nerve fibers
central nervous system, CNS, systema nervosum centrale - the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
glioma - a tumor of the brain consisting of neuroglia
References in periodicals archive ?
Immune abnormalities are present in many cases of autism, and inflammatory changes in neurons and neuroglia (supporting cells) have been noted (Chez 2010).
This traumatic damage is caused by damage to the retinal ganglion cell, outer nuclear layer, and neuroglia, and the effects on the eye and visual system are diminished (Mohan et al.
Adaptogens stimulate neuropeptide y and hsp72 expression and release in neuroglia cells.
De suma importancia, ademas, en la forma como el cerebro, con el desarrollo de la neocorteza y el aumento en la neuroglia, conformaron la principal adaptacion para favorecer habilidades y comportamientos del orden de las funciones mentales superiores.
Quercetin has been shown to reduce lipopolysaccharide(LPS-) induced nitric oxide release from a mouse neuroglia cell line [102]; a similar effect on LPS-induced proinflammatory cytokines was reported in another mouse microglial cell line [103].
Development of retinal vasculature is mediated by hypoxia-induced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression by neuroglia.
The author has organized the main body of his text in twenty-two chapters devoted to developmental anatomy, the structure and function of neurons and neuroglia, the anatomy of the canine brain, meninges and the ventricular system, the spinal cord, spinal reflexes, and a wide variety of other related subjects.
Glial cells, sometimes called neuroglia or simply glia, are non-neuronal cells that maintain homeostasis, form myelin, and provide support and protection for neurons in the brain and peripheral nervous system.
Pardo CA, Vargas DL, Zimmerman AW (2005) Immunity, neuroglia and neuroinflammation in autism.