(13,29) The presence of immature neuroglial
elements in a neonatal teratoma, although worrisome, has no bearing on prognosis, and generally these patients have a favorable outcome.
Ara-C is another nucleoside analog, and it was effective in decreasing viral replication in cultured human neuroglial
The chemokine CXCL12 or stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) is strongly chemotactic for lymphocytes and it modulates neurotransmission, neurotoxicity, and neuroglial
These are one of the congenital midline masses a category which also includes nasal dermoids and encephaloceles.(2) The nasal glioma first described by Schmidt in 1900.(3,4) The reported incidence is 1 in every 20,000 to 40,000 births,(5) histologically they are made up of astrocytic neuroglial
cells, fibrous and vascular connective tissue that is covered with naso-respiratory mucosa.
In addition to directly causing apoptotic cell death in the brain, oxidative stress products induce a profound inflammatory response characterised by neuroglial
Berbenni et al., "Purinergic modulation of spinal neuroglial
maladaptive plasticity following peripheral nerve injury," Molecular Neurobiology, vol.
rosea and its active constituents, salidroside and tyrosol, have shown to downregulate the estrogen receptor gene ESR1 in neuroglial
derived cells (Panossian et al., 2013; Panossian et al.
In light of our radiologic and histopathologic findings, we identified the mass in our patient as a neuroglial
heterotopia, which is defined as a hypervascular neuroglial
tumor with diffuse areas of fibrosis.
Mature hyaline cartilage is the most common heteroplastic element, but neuroglial
tissue resembling disorganized brain and rhabdomyoblasts are also described (Figure 4).
Steardo, "Palmitoylethanolamide exerts neuroprotective effects in mixed neuroglial
cultures and organotypic hippocampal slices via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha," Journal of Neuroinflammation, vol.
Raivich, "Impaired neuroglial
activation in interleukin-6 deficient mice," Glia, vol.
Raisman, "Specialized neuroglial
arrangement may explain the capacity of vomeronasal axons to reinnervate central neurons," Neuroscience, vol.