neurohypophysis


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neu·ro·hy·poph·y·sis

 (no͝or′ō-hī-pŏf′ĭ-sĭs, -hĭ-, nyo͝or′-)
n. pl. neu·ro·hy·poph·y·ses (-sēz′)
The posterior portion of the pituitary gland, having a rich supply of nerve fibers and releasing oxytocin and vasopressin.

neu′ro·hy′po·phys′e·al, neu′ro·hy′po·phys′i·al (-hī′pə-fĭz′ē-əl, -hĭp′ə-, -hĭ-pŏf′ə-sē′əl) adj.

neurohypophysis

(ˌnjʊərəʊhaɪˈpɒfɪsɪs)
n, pl -ses (-ˌsiːz)
(Anatomy) the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. Compare adenohypophysis

poste′rior pitu′itary


n.
the posterior region of the pituitary gland, which develops embryologically from the forebrain and secretes the hormones vasopressin and oxytocin. Also called neurohypophysis.

neurohypophysis

The posterior part of the pituitary gland.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.neurohypophysis - the posterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature
ductless gland, endocrine gland, endocrine - any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
hypophysis, pituitary, pituitary body, pituitary gland - the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain
pars intermedia - a thin piece of tissue that has become part of the posterior pituitary
Translations

neu·ro·hy·poph·y·sis

n. neurohipófisis, porción nerviosa posterior de la glándula pituitaria.
References in periodicals archive ?
It consists of a frontal lobe (adenohypophysis), a posterior lobe (neurohypophysis) and a middle lobe.
(4) Habu et al found a pituitary stalk mass in 63.7% of patients, a hypothalamic mass lesion in 17.4%, loss of hyperintensity at the neurohypophysis in 82.3%, intratumoral hemorrhage in 8.5%, constriction of the tumor at the diaphragmatic hiatus resulting in a dumbbell shape in 44.7%, hyperintensity around the optic tract in 11.5%, and contrast enhancement of the dura mater around the pituitary fossa in 17.1%.
However, the neurohypophysis was undeveloped, which was related to low fertility of Bactrian camel.
The rear lobe is the neurohypophysis, which has nerve fibers connecting to the hypothalamus.
pituitary stalk thickening, pituitary enlargement, intense homogeneous post-contrast imbibition in adenohypophysis, and absence of high-intense signal in neurohypophysis on T1-weighted images (3).
Antidiuretic hormone deficiency occurs in 65%-90% of the patients with BD due to neurohypophysis damage (19, 20).
For example, pituitary gland consists of neurohypophysis and adenohypophysis (Figure 2(b)).
It is still not clear if the expression of ABCB1 is only restricted to those brain blood vessels that are part of the BBB, or if it is equally expressed in fenestrated capillaries of the circumventricular organs (area postrema in the brainstem, the subfornical organ, the median eminence, the pineal body, the vascular organ of the lamina terminalis, choroid plexus, and neurohypophysis) [55, 56].
The pituitary gland consists of two major parts: the posterior pituitary or neurohypophysis and the anterior pituitary or adenohypophysis.
Initial brain MRI showed bilateral well-defined round intensely enhancing lesions located in the temporal poles lateral to the amygdala and anterior to the temporal horns with thickened enhanced pituitary stalk (Figure 3), in conjunction with partially empty sella and absent bright signal of the neurohypophysis (Figure 4).
It is synthesized in the hypothalamus and secreted by the neurohypophysis into the blood [4].
Our patient's MRI showed congenital absence of the pituitary gland, with neurohypophysis and adenohypophysis.