neuron


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Related to neuron: nervous system, motor neuron, sensory neuron
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neuron

neu·ron

 (no͝or′ŏn′, nyo͝or′-)
n.
1. Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves in vertebrates, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.
2. A similar impulse-conducting cell in invertebrates. In both senses also called nerve cell.

[Greek, sinew, string, nerve; see (s)neəu- in Indo-European roots.]

neu′ro·nal (no͝or′ə-nəl, nyo͝or′-, no͝o-rōn′l, nyo͝o-), neu·ron′ic adj.
neu′ro·nal·ly adv.

neu•ron

(ˈnʊər ɒn, ˈnyʊər-)

n.
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Also called nerve cell. Also, esp. Brit.,neu•rone (-oʊn)
[1880–85; < Greek neûron sinew, cord, nerve]
neu•ron•al (ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-) adj.

neu·ron

(no͝or′ŏn′)

neuron


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A cell that conveys electrochemical impulses. Neurons form the basic units of the nervous system. See axon, dendrites.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulsesneuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
gangliocyte, ganglion cell - a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system; "damage to ganglion cells in the retina may play a role in the development of glaucoma"
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
efferent neuron, motoneuron, motor nerve fiber, motor neuron - a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
axon, axone - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
dendrite - short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
Translations

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] Nneurona f

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] neurone [ˈnjʊərəʊn] nneurone m

neuron

, neurone
n (Biol) → Neuron nt

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] n (Bio) → neurone m

neu·ron

n. neurona, célula que constituye la unidad básica funcional del sistema nervioso.

neuron

n neurona
References in periodicals archive ?
With each release of Neuron ESB, we are continually focused on providing user-friendly features and productivity out of the box.
The study has been published by Cell Press in the journal Neuron.
The spiking neuron is capable to carry out some useful tasks of a multidimensional impulse patterns processing.
In the lab, the group then tested each of these substances by applying them, one at a time, to mouse neurons in a dish.
Scientists discovered that for some unknown reason, people with PD have a progressive and significant loss of the brain's dopamine-making neurons.
What UCLA researchers found was that the more autistic symptoms a high-functioning autistic child demonstrated, the less his or her mirror neuron system functioned.
While successfully evading researchers' efforts to understand why and how it starts and progresses, Parkinson's disease has shown scientists what it does to the brain-it kills the neurons that control the release of dopamine, a chemical which is important in controlling movement.
Dopamine: A chemical messenger or neurotransmitter released by neurons in the limbic system
Researchers at the University of Milan, Italy have discovered a molecular switch that causes brain stem cells to differentiate into fully developed neurons.
Learning occurs at a neuron level when there is an increase in synoptic strength.
The Galapagos technology will be applied to the SCI motor neuron cells.
But Uchida and colleagues from Harvard and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center reported that reward prediction error is actually the product of a complex interplay between two classes of neurons - one that relies on dopamine and an inhibitory class of neuron that uses the neurotransmitter GABA.