neuron


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
click for a larger image
neuron

neu·ron

 (no͝or′ŏn′, nyo͝or′-)
n.
1. Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves in vertebrates, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.
2. A similar impulse-conducting cell in invertebrates. In both senses also called nerve cell.

[Greek, sinew, string, nerve; see (s)neəu- in Indo-European roots.]

neu′ro·nal (no͝or′ə-nəl, nyo͝or′-, no͝o-rōn′l, nyo͝o-), neu·ron′ic adj.
neu′ro·nal·ly adv.

neu•ron

(ˈnʊər ɒn, ˈnyʊər-)

n.
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Also called nerve cell. Also, esp. Brit.,neu•rone (-oʊn)
[1880–85; < Greek neûron sinew, cord, nerve]
neu•ron•al (ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-) adj.

neu·ron

(no͝or′ŏn′)

neuron


click for a larger image
A cell that conveys electrochemical impulses. Neurons form the basic units of the nervous system. See axon, dendrites.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulsesneuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
gangliocyte, ganglion cell - a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system; "damage to ganglion cells in the retina may play a role in the development of glaucoma"
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
efferent neuron, motoneuron, motor nerve fiber, motor neuron - a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
axon, axone - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
dendrite - short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
Translations

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] Nneurona f

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] neurone [ˈnjʊərəʊn] nneurone m

neuron

, neurone
n (Biol) → Neuron nt

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] n (Bio) → neurone m

neu·ron

n. neurona, célula que constituye la unidad básica funcional del sistema nervioso.

neuron

n neurona
References in periodicals archive ?
"All in all, this shows that we have created a robust model for studying mechanisms for neuron resilience and vulnerability in ALS," said lead author Ilary Allodi.
A new research, conducted by researchers from the Salk Institute have developed a strategy to more easily study the early development of human neurons compared with the neurons of nonhuman primates.
Now, researchers have developed a strategy to more easily study the early development of human neurons compared with the neurons of nonhuman primates.
A team of scientists from the Allen Institute for Brain Science dubbed the newly discovered brain cells 'rosehip neurons,' on account of their appearance that resembled a rose after all the petals had fallen out, according to a statement.
The scientists and researchers have successfully completed the development of first artificial neuron that is amazingly capable of imitating the working of neuron cell with potential to interpret the chemical signals into electrical signals and report to other cells.
Whenever you dream, laugh, think, see, or move, it's because tiny chemical and electrical signals are racing between these neurons along billions of tiny neuron highways.
And some neuron groups could elicit multiple behaviors across animals or sometimes even in a single animal.
This is a prediction set; there are twenty groups of neuron data.
Next, the dynamics of different coupled FHN neurons are analyzed by changing the parameters of the first neuron to [r.sub.1] = 10, [b.sub.1] = 1, [[phi].sub.1] = [pi], and [g.sub.1] = 0.1.
In one recent experiment, scientists from the University of Wisconsin-Madison brought together neurons and semiconductors.
A firing rule r = E/[s.sup.b] [right arrow] s; d is applicable in a neuron [sigma]i if there are j [greater than or equal to] b spikes in [sigma]i and [s.sup.j] [memebr of] L(E) where L(E) is the set of words defined by the regular expression E.
In this paper we propose a spatial-temporal scheme based on plausible spiking neuron models (Gerstner W.