neuropeptide


Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to neuropeptide: Neuropeptide Y

neu·ro·pep·tide

 (no͝or′ō-pĕp′tīd, nyo͝or′-)
n.
Any of various short-chain peptides found in brain tissue, such as endorphins.

neuropeptide

(ˌnjʊərəʊˈpɛptaɪd)
n
(Biochemistry) a peptide produced by neural tissue, esp one with hormonal activity

neu•ro•pep•tide

(ˌnʊər oʊˈpɛp taɪd, ˌnyʊər-)

n.
any of various short-chain peptides, as endorphins, that influence neural activity and function as hormones in the endocrine system.
[1970–75]
Translations
neuropeptide
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
McLaughlin's group showed that the endogenous neuropeptide opioid growth factor, which inhibits cytokine release, is reduced in MS patients and restored with Low dose naltrexone (LDN) treatment.
Taff will present Regulation of N/OFQ, a Neuropeptide Modulating Pain and Anxiety.
CombiGene's platform utilises gene therapy vectors to release a combination of neuropeptide y and NPY receptors into brain cells.
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) plays an important role in the regulation of blood pressure (BP), as well as myocardial contractility.
The team discovered that heparin stimulates the AgRP neurons located in the hypothalamus, one of the most important appetite-modulating neurons, which results in increased production of AgRP protein, a neuropeptide that stimulates food intake.
Oxytocin, a neuropeptide that affects social cognition and bonding (sometimes called "the moral molecule");
Low blood sugar also releases stress-related hormones cortisol and adrenaline in addition to a chemical associated with aggression called neuropeptide Y.
The present study was aimed at examining the role of hypothalamic neuropeptides genes expressions on body mass regulation under different photoperiods in Eothenomys miletus, body mass, food intake, serum leptin levels and hypothalamic neuropeptide neuropeptide Y (NPY), Agouti related peptide (AgRP), pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcript (CART) expressions were measured.
10 It is also considered that neuropeptides like vasoactive intestinal peptide, neuropeptide Y, calcitonin-gene-related peptide, and substance P influence the immune system.
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is abundant in the mammalian brain, and its effects on food intake and energy expenditure, hormone secretion and reproduction, circadian rhythms, seizures, and ethanol consumption have been studied (1,2), besides studies on behavior such as anxiety and aggression (3,4,5).
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a master circadian regulating neuropeptide that is delivered to bone marrow by nerves and inhibits hematopoietic cell (HC) proliferation.
As detailed in a recent review [13], potential pathophysiologic factors shared between chronic pain and PTSD include deficits in neuropeptide Y (NPY) and the neuroactive gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic steroids allopregnanolone and its equipotent stereoisomer pregnanolone (together termed ALLO) [14-20].