Type 1, in which not only the caudal tail bud is affected, but also part of the true notochord fails to develop (interference with both primary and secondary neurulation
PW2 was infected around week 9 of gestation, during embryonic neurulation
and cortical neurogenesis, which lay the foundation for the developing brain.
It was proposed in their study that during neurulation
cadmium exposure not only affected the structure but also the chemistry of the cells and produces endogenous marker signals reactive oxygen species (ROS) that cause the oxidative stress.
Notably, echinoderms do not develop a neural tube in either the larval life stage or the adult life stage, similar to vertebrate neurulation
(Mashanov et al., 2007; Garner et al., 2016).
Chlorpyrifos exposure during neurulation
: cholinergic synaptic dysfunction and cellular alterations in brain regions at adolescence and adulthood.
N-cad-based adherens junctions (AJs) are known to be involved in various neural development processes, such as neurulation
, migration of neurons, elongation and guidance of axons, and synaptogenesis, due to the contribution of AJs to cell-cell adhesion between NPCs and neurons .
Ohshima, "Dpysl2 (CRMP2) and Dpysl3 (CRMP4) phosphorylation by Cdk5 and DYRK2 is required for proper positioning of Rohon-Beard neurons and neural crest cells during neurulation
in zebrafish," Developmental Biology, vol.
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are multifactorial midline abnormalities that occur during the neurulation
process in embryogenesis.
These specialized cells arise at the time of neurulation
and migrate to their target sites in the body, where they give rise to very different cell types such as sensory neurons, glia, melanocytes, adrenal medulla and cranial cartilage/bones.
We discuss the various studies on mouse neurulation
below and why it is still an invaluable tool for understanding human neurulation
Cell surface beta 1,4-galactosyltransferase functions during neural crest cell migration and neurulation
in vivo .
Proinsulin stimulates cardiogenesis and prevents apoptosis during neurulation