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These adjectives describe what has existed for only a short time, has only lately come into use, or has only recently arrived at a state or position, as of prominence. New is the most general: a new movie; a new friend; a new opportunity.
Something fresh has qualities of newness such as briskness, brightness, or purity: fresh footprints in the snow; fresh hope of discovering a vaccine.
Novel applies to the new and strikingly unusual: "His sermons were considered bold in thought and novel in language" (Edith Wharton).
Something that is original is novel and the first of its kind: "The science of pure mathematics, in its modern development, may claim to be the most original creation of the human spirit" (Alfred North Whitehead).
You use new to describe things which were created, made, built, or begun a short time ago.
You also use new to describe something which has replaced something else.
There are several other words which have a similar meaning to new:
Recent is used to describe events and periods of time that occurred a short time ago.
You do not usually use recent to describe objects, but you can use it to describe things such as newspaper articles and photographs.
You can also use recent to describe governments and people with particular jobs.
You use modern or present-day to describe things that exist now, when you want to emphasize that they are different from earlier things of the same kind.
Contemporary has the same meaning as modern and present-day, but it is usually used only to describe abstract things or things relating to the arts.
You also use contemporary to indicate that something existed in the past at the same time as something else that you have been talking about.
Current is used to describe things that exist now, but that might end or change soon.
|Noun||1.||newness - the quality of being new; the opposite of oldness|
age - how long something has existed; "it was replaced because of its age"
brand-newness - the property of being very new
freshness - the property of being pure and fresh (as if newly made); not stale or deteriorated; "she loved the freshness of newly baked bread"; "the freshness of the air revived him"
oldness - the quality of being old; the opposite of newness