niacin


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ni·a·cin

 (nī′ə-sĭn)
n.
A white crystalline acid, C6H5NO2, of the vitamin B complex that is found in meat, fish, legumes, and whole-grain foods and is used to treat and prevent pellagra. Also called nicotinic acid.

[ni(cotinic) ac(id) + -in.]

niacin

(ˈnaɪəsɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) another name for nicotinic acid
[C20: from ni(cotinic) ac(id) + -in]

nic′otin′ic ac′id



n.
a crystalline acid, C6H5NO2, that is a component of the vitamin B complex, occurring in animal products, yeast, etc. Also called niacin, vitamin B3.
[1885–90]

ni·a·cin

(nī′ə-sĭn)
A vitamin belonging to the vitamin B complex that is important in carbohydrate metabolism. It is found in liver, fish, and whole-grain foods.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.niacin - a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract
B complex, B vitamin, B-complex vitamin, vitamin B, vitamin B complex, B - originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
Translations

niacin

[ˈnaɪəsɪn] Nácido m nicotínico

niacin

[ˈnaɪəsɪn] nniacine f

niacin

nNikotinsäure f, → Niacin nt (spec)

ni·a·cin

n. ácido nicotínico.

niacin

n niacina
References in periodicals archive ?
Niacin (vitamin [B.sub.3]) acts as a coenzyme and plays a role in the metabolic hydrogen transfer to NAD[P.sup.+] as nicotinamide via ATP.
Pellagra is a state of niacin deficiency, a vitamin required for various metabolic processes, cell signaling and DNA repair.
Niacin doesn't reduce cardio-vascular disease (CVD) morbidity or mortality in patients with established disease (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials [RCTs] and subsequent large RCTs).
Niacinamide (nicotinamide) is a form of vitamin B3 (niacin) and is used to prevent and treat niacin deficiency (pellagra).
Emerging findings indicate that niacin decreases plasma VLDL level by inhibiting hepatocyte diacylglycerol acyltransferase 2 (Kamanna et al., 2013).
Doctors believe the man, admitted to the University of Florida's A&E unit with hepatitis, overdosed on niacin, more commonly called vitamin B3, which can damage the liver if taken in large amounts.
A meta-analysis was conducted on 11 randomized controlled trials (including a total of 26,340 nondiabetic participants) that examined the effect of niacin therapy (1-4 g per day) on the incidence of diabetes.
Q I've used niacin and a statin for years to control my lipid levels.
The patient was treated by Niacin (1000 mg/day) and multivitamin complex.
Niacin, fibrates, and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibitors were all found to raise HDL cholesterol levels, but none of these was able to lower all-cause mortality rates, coronary heart disease-related mortality rates, or the risk of stroke compared with placebo.
Niacin is a B vitamin that has been used for many years to lower markers of cardiovascular risks, including LDL ("bad") cholesterol and triglycerides.