nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate


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NADP

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate: a coenzyme, C21H28N7O17P3, similar in function to NAD in many oxidation-reduction reactions.
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Noun1.nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate - a coenzyme similar to NAD and present in most living cells but serves as a reductant in different metabolic processes
coenzyme - a small molecule (not a protein but sometimes a vitamin) essential for the activity of some enzymes
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References in periodicals archive ?
GSH: glutathione; GSSG: glutathione disulfide; NAD: nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide; NADH: oxidoreductase-induced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide; NADP: nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate; NADPH: oxidoreductase-induced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate.
By reducing nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP) to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate hydrogen (NADPH), G6PD allows the cells to maintain glutathione in its reduced form.
Oxidative stress indicators increasing in postoperative period such as xanthine oxidase, nuclear factor kappa B, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase are effective on pathogenesis of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) [7].
Hepatocyte nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate reduced oxidase 4 regulates stress signaling, fibrosis, and insulin sensitivity during development of steatohepatitis in mice.
Many specific dehydrogenases transfer hydrogen to either nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide or nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (Subhani et al., 2001).
"Acute hyperglycemia enhances oxidative stress and exacerbates myocardial infarction by activating nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase during reperfusion" J Th Cardiovas Sur 2009; 137(3): 723-29.

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