nihilism


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Related to nihilism: Moral nihilism

ni·hil·ism

 (nī′ə-lĭz′əm, nē′-)
n.
1. Philosophy The doctrine that nothing actually exists or that existence or values are meaningless.
2. Relentless negativity or cynicism suggesting an absence of values or beliefs: nihilism in postwar art.
3.
a. Political belief or action that advocates or commits violence or terrorism without discernible constructive goals.
b. also Nihilism A diffuse, revolutionary movement of mid-19th-century Russia that scorned authority and tradition and believed in reason, materialism, and radical change in society and government through terrorism and assassination.
4. Psychiatry A delusion, experienced in some mental disorders, that the world or one's mind, body, or self does not exist.

[Latin nihil, nothing; see ne in Indo-European roots + -ism.]

ni′hil·ist n.
ni′hil·is′tic adj.
ni′hil·is′ti·cal·ly adv.

nihilism

(ˈnaɪɪˌlɪzəm)
n
1. a complete denial of all established authority and institutions
2. (Philosophy) philosophy an extreme form of scepticism that systematically rejects all values, belief in existence, the possibility of communication, etc
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a revolutionary doctrine of destruction for its own sake
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the practice or promulgation of terrorism
[C19: from Latin nihil nothing + -ism, on the model of German Nihilismus]
ˈnihilist n, adj
ˌnihilˈistic adj

Nihilism

(ˈnaɪɪˌlɪzəm)
n
(Historical Terms) (in tsarist Russia) any of several revolutionary doctrines that upheld terrorism

ni•hil•ism

(ˈnaɪ əˌlɪz əm, ˈni-)

n.
1. total rejection of established laws and institutions.
2. anarchy, terrorism, or other revolutionary activity.
3.
a. the belief that all existence is senseless and that there is no possibility of an objective basis for truth.
b. nothingness or nonexistence.
4. (cap.) a 19th-century Russian political philosophy advocating the violent destruction of social and political institutions to make way for a new society.
[1810–20; < Latin nihil nothing (variant of nihilum; see nil) + -ism]
ni′hil•ist, n., adj.
ni`hil•is′tic, adj.

nihilism

the belief that existence is not real and that there can be no objective basis of truth, a form of extreme skepticism. Cf. ethical nihilism. — nihilist, n., adj.
See also: Philosophy
the principles of a Russian revolutionary movement in the late 19th century, advocating the destruction of government as a means to anarchy and of ten employing terrorism and assassination to assist its program. — nihilist, n., adj.nihilistic, adj.
See also: Government
total rejection of established attitudes, practices, and institutions. — nihilist, n.nihilistic, adj.
See also: Attitudes
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nihilism - a revolutionary doctrine that advocates destruction of the social system for its own sake
doctrine, ism, philosophical system, philosophy, school of thought - a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
2.nihilism - the delusion that things (or everything, including the self) do not exist; a sense that everything is unreal
delusion, psychotic belief - (psychology) an erroneous belief that is held in the face of evidence to the contrary
3.nihilism - complete denial of all established authority and institutions
anarchy, lawlessness - a state of lawlessness and disorder (usually resulting from a failure of government)

nihilism

noun
1. negativity, rejection, denial, scepticism, cynicism, pessimism, renunciation, atheism, repudiation, agnosticism, unbelief, abnegation These disillusioned students embraced agnosticism, atheism, and nihilism.
2. anarchy, disorder, lawlessness This moral nihilism has proved both irresponsible and politically counter-productive.
Translations
nihilizmus
nihilismi
nihilizam

nihilism

[ˈnaɪɪlɪzəm] Nnihilismo m

nihilism

[ˈnaɪɪlɪzəm] nnihilisme m

nihilism

nNihilismus m

nihilism

[ˈnaɪɪˌlɪzm] nnichilismo

ni·hil·ism

n. nihilismo, en psiquiatría una idea ilusoria en la cual nada es real o inexistente.
References in classic literature ?
In the penultimate verse he makes known his discovery concerning the root of modern Nihilism and indifference,--i.e., that modern man has no goal, no aim, no ideals
But there was also about him an indescribable air which no mechanic could have acquired in the practice of his handicraft however dishonestly exercised: the air common to men who live on the vices, the follies, or the baser fears of mankind; the air of moral nihilism common to keepers of gambling hells and disorderly houses; to private detectives and inquiry agents; to drink sellers and, I should say, to the sellers of invigorating electric belts and to the inventors of patent medicines.
Summary: Religious nihilism never built empires, and its conquests, in spite of the blood trail, were ephemeral.
Moral nihilism or the notion "that nothing is morally good, bad, wrong, right, etc " is another of countless issues.
Void of meaning and loss of freedom: boom of nihilism forms
Construing nihilism as the eroding of foundations, the loss of objective values, and the dissolution of the strong structures that have their bases in metaphysics, Sebo explores how it could be a mechanism for enhancing the proper functioning of democracy in Slovakian society and the healing of the internal nihil-inclinations of the Church.
The curse is best called nihilism, and was diagnosed most famously by Nietzsche, whom Picabia adored: "What does nihilism mean?
It presents the case that any attempt to understand education as if it were a kind of technological science that results in nihilism. Secondly, Rosen provides a suggestive philosophy of education of his own that reinstates the integrity of education as a praxis.
The phenomenon of nihilism, the attempt at experimenting in theory and practice the potency of nothingness, cannot readily be expressed by a clear and univocal definition; no wonder, then, that all its investigators have brought to light a multifarious variety of names, concepts, and events.
The black-and-white polish of "Concrete Night" is as sleek and lovely as it was in "3 Rooms," but this mawkish bummer about an ill-used teenage boy wandering around a surreally forbidding Helsinki is marred by a facile nihilism that trivializes the urban alienation it seeks to illuminate.
Though Paul professes nihilism, he is fascinated by religious faith.
PROVOCATIVE A frightening journey into nihilism in the Outback