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n. pl. nil·gais or nilgai
A large brown or bluish-gray antelope (Boselaphus tragocamelus) native to India, Nepal, and Pakistan, the male of which has short, sturdy horns and strands of long hair hanging down from the throat.

[Hindi nīlgāī, feminine of nīlgāw : nīl, dark blue (from Sanskrit nīla-) + gāw, ox, cow (from Sanskrit gauḥ; see gwou- in Indo-European roots).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈnɪlɡaɪ) ,




n, pl -gai, -gais, -ghau or -ghaus
(Animals) a large Indian antelope, Boselaphus tragocamelus. The male is blue-grey with white markings and has small horns; the female is brownish and has no horns
[C19: from Hindi nīlgāw blue bull, from Sanskrit nīla dark blue + go bull]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nilgai - large Indian antelopenilgai - large Indian antelope; male is blue-grey with white markings; female is brownish with no horns
antelope - graceful Old World ruminant with long legs and horns directed upward and backward; includes gazelles; springboks; impalas; addax; gerenuks; blackbucks; dik-diks
Boselaphus, genus Boselaphus - Indian antelopes: nilgais
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
A signboard at the park mentions zebras and nilgai, but the enclosures for both are empty.
A few months prior to the official introduction of the .270 WSM in 2002, I used a Browning A-Bolt chambered for it to take a very large nilgai bull on the King Ranch in Texas.
Over two dozen animals have died in the zoo over the last few years including zebras, ostrich, lion cubs, a bear, urial, deer and nilgai and all the deaths were declared 'natural' by the zoo staff.
A study conducted in Sariska Tiger Reserve, India showed that the diet of the Asiatic jackal was comprised of plant matter 17.57%, rodents 15.77%, cattle 15.32%, chital 10.81%, fruits 9.01%, birds 7.21%, sambar 5.41%, hare 4.05%, nilgai 4.05%, goat 1.80% and reptiles 1.8% (Mondal 2012).
It is famous for its animal diversity that includes black buck, Nilgai antelope, and Rhino.
Summary: Prayagraj (Uttar Pradesh) [India], Dec 8 (ANI): An inspector of Uttar Pradesh Police Department died on Friday night after his bike hit a Nilgai in Garapur area of Jhunshi town.
Caption: This big nilgai bull (largest of the Asia antelope) was taken with an E.R.
Table 1: Bacterial load and species prevalent in faecal samples of zoo animals Animal Number of TBC TCC samples (log no./gram) (log no./gram) Herbivore Elephant 02 10.4 8.1 Nilgai 05 10.6 8.0 Black Buck 02 10.3 8.0 Chinkara 02 10.5 7.9 Chital 02 10.5 7.8 Sambar 05 10.4 8.0 Deer 05 10.6 8.2 Monkey 05 10.2 7.9 Carnivore Lion 02 11.5 8.9 Tiger 02 11.7 8.6 Jackal 01 12.6 9.0 Hyena 01 11.8 8.3 Bear 01 13.0 9.5 Avian Emu 01 10.0 8.1 Owl 01 10.4 8.0 Rodent Porcupine 01 10.9 9.2 Animal Bacteria isolated Herbivore Elephant E.
During our nearly five hour ride and walk, we came across many species of herons, storks, cormorants, eagles, kingfishers, ducks and other water birds, grey hornbill, darter, bats, black headed ibis, many common birds including bulbul, and herds of nilgai and sambar deer in their undisturbed natural habitat.
The zoo has lost more than 30 birds, one nilgai (an antelope endemic to Indian subcontinent), a snow leopard, a fallow deer and a monkey.
A nilgai, a snow leopard, a fallow deer and a monkey were among the casualties, with the nilgai suffering from breathing problems before death.
Shooting deer may be illegal but the nilgai which is now classified as vermin for the crops it destroys is running riot because of the security in its name.