nitrocellulose


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ni·tro·cel·lu·lose

 (nī′trō-sĕl′yə-lōs′, -lōz′)
n.
Any of various pulpy or cottonlike polymers derived from cellulose treated with nitric and sulfuric acids and used in the manufacture of explosives, lacquers, collodion, celluloid, plastics, and solid monopropellants. Physical properties and use vary with varying nitrogen content of the substance. Also called cellulose nitrate, guncotton, pyroxylin.

ni′tro·cel′lu·los′ic (-lō′sĭk, -zĭk) adj.

nitrocellulose

(ˌnaɪtrəʊˈsɛljʊˌləʊs)
n
(Elements & Compounds) another name (not in chemical usage) for cellulose nitrate

ni•tro•cel•lu•lose

(ˌnaɪ trəˈsɛl yəˌloʊs)

n.
any of a group of nitric esters of cellulose, used in the manufacture of lacquers and explosives.
[1880–85]
ni`tro•cel`lu•lo′sic, ni`tro•cel′lu•lous, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nitrocellulose - a nitric acid ester; used in lacquers and explosives
blasting gelatin - mixture of guncotton with nitroglycerin
cordite - explosive powder (nitroglycerin and guncotton and petrolatum) dissolved in acetone and dried and extruded in brown cords
cellulose ester - any ester of cellulose with an acid
pyrocellulose - nitrocellulose containing less nitrogen than guncotton; used in making smokeless powder
pyroxylin, pyroxyline - highly flammable nitrocellulose used in making collodion and plastics and lacquers
celluloid - highly flammable substance made from cellulose nitrate and camphor; used in e.g. motion-picture and X-ray film; its use has decreased with the development of nonflammable thermoplastics
nitrate - any compound containing the nitrate group (such as a salt or ester of nitric acid)
Translations
nitroselluloosaselluloosanitraatti
cellulosanitrat
nitroxeluloza
References in periodicals archive ?
9 Viscosity (8% RS 1/2 second Nitrocellulose solution at 25[degrees]C) 10 centipoises Blush resistance (% relative humidity at 80[degrees]F) 45% Rate of evaporation (normal butyl acetate = 1.
We have seen an unrelenting elevation of costs on raw materials such as nitrocellulose, which has a price increase of over 15 percent announced for July 1 based on a 32 percent increase for cellulose, the base feedstock.
Some quick experiments suggested that conditions favoring passive capillary transfer of proteins from a gel to a nitrocellulose paper replica were slow, were inefficient, and produced unacceptable band spreading.
The patent applies to a novel, ultra-thin nitrocellulose surface chemistry that enables the detection of low-abundance proteins.
Also said to be compatible with nitrocellulose, cellulose acetate, nylon, certain grades of polyvinyl alcohol, and other natural and synthetic film-forming materials.
Chair producers typically use polyurethanes nitrocellulose and acid-catalyzed products.
To test for a sugar chain, the researchers put a dot of each volunteer's saliva onto a piece of nitrocellulose paper, then bathed the paper with a marker chemical that's attracted to the given sugar chain.
It was then digested with restriction enzymes, separated using gel electrophoresis, and transferred to a nitrocellulose membrane by a Southern blotting mechanism.
The AldeSol series is compatible with solvent-based chemistries, including acrylic, urethane, epoxy, polyester, alkyds, nitrocellulose, vinyl, and hybrid systems.
The propellant used in most air bags is sodium aizide, the solid pellet form of a rocket propellant; some use compressed argon gas, helium or nitrocellulose.