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Related to Nitryl: nitrile, NOCL


n.1.(Chem.) A name sometimes given to the nitro group or radical.
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It can react with chloride from sea salt, for example, to form nitryl chloride.
When sunlight hits nitryl chloride the next morning, it regenerates nitrogen oxides and frees a chlorine radical that attacks other molecules in reactions that can lead to the formation of ozone.
The bit of chloride lingering in the air can react with nitrogen oxides, formed when fuel is burned at high temperature, to form nitryl chloride, a forerunner of chlorine atoms, the most reactive form of chlorine.