Nitryl


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Related to Nitryl: nitrile, NOCL

Ni´tryl


n.1.(Chem.) A name sometimes given to the nitro group or radical.
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The air pollutant Nitryl Chloride is formed at night, in urban areas, when salt containing particles come into contact with pollution containing Nitrogen Oxides.
Strong hydrogen bonds exist between water molecules and oxygen atoms of carboxyl and nitryl in the structure.
It can react with chloride from sea salt, for example, to form nitryl chloride.
7 There are numerous types of free radicals that can be formed within the biological system, but the most common types are: reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and examples are: superoxide anion, hydroperoxyl radical, peroxyl radical, alkoxyl radical, hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide, hypochlorite, hypochlorous acid, Ozone, Singlet oxygen and Nitric oxide, Nitrogen dioxide, peroxynitrite, peroxynitrous acid, dinitrogen trioxide, nitryl chloride, nitronium ion, alkylperoxynitrite, nitrosothiols respectively.
The bit of chloride lingering in the air can react with nitrogen oxides, formed when fuel is burned at high temperature, to form nitryl chloride, a forerunner of chlorine atoms, the most reactive form of chlorine.