asthma

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asthma
left: inflamed bronchial tube with contracted muscles and mucus discharge
right: normal bronchial tube

asth·ma

 (ăz′mə, ăs′-)
n.
A chronic inflammatory disease of the lungs characterized by a narrowing of the airways and attacks of wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath that are induced by triggers such as allergens, exercise, infections, and stress.

[Middle English asma, from Medieval Latin, from Greek asthma.]

asth·mat′ic (-măt′ĭk) adj. & n.
asth·mat′i·cal·ly adv.

asthma

(ˈæsmə)
n
(Pathology) a respiratory disorder, often of allergic origin, characterized by difficulty in breathing, wheezing, and a sense of constriction in the chest
[C14: from Greek: laborious breathing, from azein to breathe hard]

asth•ma

(ˈæz mə, ˈæs-)

n.
a paroxysmal, often allergic disorder of respiration characterized by bronchospasm, wheezing, and difficulty in expiration. Also called bronchial asthma.
[1350–1400; Middle English asma < Medieval Latin < Greek ásthma panting, asthma]

asth·ma

(ăz′mə)
A chronic disease characterized by a narrowing of the airways that is often caused by an allergy. It results in attacks of wheezing, coughing, difficulty in breathing, and tightness of the chest.

asthma


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A condition involving narrowing of the bronchioles (small airways in the lungs). This leads to recurrent attacks of breathlessness. Often these are triggered by an allergic reaction, but in some cases the cause is not known.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.asthma - respiratory disorder characterized by wheezingasthma - respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
bronchospasm - a spasm of the bronchi that makes exhalation difficult and noisy; associated with asthma and bronchitis
respiratory disease, respiratory disorder, respiratory illness - a disease affecting the respiratory system
status asthmaticus - a prolonged and severe asthma attack that does not respond to standard treatment
Translations
الربْورَبْـو ، أسَـمـه
астмазадух
astma
astma
astma
astma
asztma
asma, andarteppa
喘息
천식
asthma
astmaastminis
astma
astmă
záduch
astma
โรคหืด
astımastma
астма
bệnh hen

asthma

[ˈæsmə] Nasma m or f

asthma

[ˈæsmə] nasthme m
I've got asthma → J'ai de l'asthme.

asthma

nAsthma nt; asthma attackAsthmaanfall m

asthma

[ˈæsmə] nasma

asthma

(ˈӕsmə) , ((American) ˈӕzmə) noun
an illness which causes difficulty in breathing out, resulting from an allergy etc.
asthmatic (ӕsˈmatik) , ((American) ӕz-) adjective

asthma

الربْو astma astma Asthma άσθμα asma astma asthme astma asma 喘息 천식 astma astma astma asma астма astma โรคหืด astım bệnh hen 哮喘

asth·ma

[MIM*600807]
n. asma, condición alérgica con ataques de coriza y falta de respiración a causa de la infl. de las membranas mucosas;
cardiac ______ cardíaca.

asthma

n asma
References in periodicals archive ?
Yin, K27###2006###China###Male/Female###34.2+-1.7###97###Allele specific-PCR###Physician diagnosed nocturnal asthma
For chronic asthma, a Cochrane review found that short-acting anticholinergics (including ipratropium bromide, oxitropium bromide, and nebulised atropine methonitrate) provided an incremental benefit in peak flow versus placebo and no added benefit to SABAs; however, the authors acknowledge that some patient subgroups may derive some benefit from short-acting anticholinergics, including those intolerant to SABAs and those with nocturnal asthma, concurrent fixed airway obstruction, and asthma of a longer duration [15].
Objective: To integrate the quantitatively existing evidences on nocturnal asthma and their association with [beta]2-adrenergic receptor (Arg16Gly and Glu27Gln) polymorphism.
TROUBLE BREATHING Possible reasons: Nocturnal asthma, heart condition Ironically, it's sleeping that can actually make you feel worse as far as asthma is concerned.
Sutherland, "Nocturnal asthma: underlying mechanisms and treatment," Current Allergy and Asthma Reports, vol.
Nocturnal asthma in children affects school attendance, school performance and parents' work attendance.
The data reported here are part of a longitudinal study, Project NAPS (Nocturnal Asthma and Performance in School), examining the association of asthma and allergic rhinitis, sleep, and academic functioning in urban children with and without a persistent asthma diagnosis.
The reason may be that the parasympathetic nervous system is an important mechanism in nocturnal asthma symptoms23 and the long half-life of tiotropium which is nearly 35 hours and the efficacy can last for a whole day.24
The phenomenon of nocturnal asthma has always perplexed clinician's and researcher's mind.
Since OSA presents many similar features with nocturnal asthma, some scholars termed them as a sole syndrome - "alternative overlap syndrome," and proved that asthma symptoms in those patients could be improved through the treatment of continuous positive airway pressure.
Project NAPS (Nocturnal Asthma and Performance in School) is administered through Rhode Island Hospital at The Bradley Hasbro Research Center.