nodule


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to nodule: Thyroid nodule

nod·ule

 (nŏj′o͞ol)
n.
1. A small knotlike protuberance.
2. Medicine A small, abnormal but usually benign mass of tissue, as on the thyroid gland, in the lung, or under the skin.
3. Botany A small knoblike outgrowth, especially one on the roots of a leguminous plant that contains bacteria that fix nitrogen.
4. Mineralogy A small rounded lump of a mineral or mixture of minerals, usually harder than the surrounding rock or sediment.

[Middle English, from Latin nōdulus, diminutive of nōdus, knot; see ned- in Indo-European roots.]

nod′u·lar (nŏj′ə-lər), nod′u·lose′ (-lōs′), nod′u·lous (-ləs) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

nodule

(ˈnɒdjuːl)
n
1. a small knot, lump, or node
2. (Botany) Also called: root nodule any of the knoblike outgrowths on the roots of clover and many other legumes: contain bacteria involved in nitrogen fixation
3. (Anatomy) anatomy any small node or knoblike protuberance
4. (Geological Science) a small rounded lump of rock or mineral substance, esp in a matrix of different rock material
[C17: from Latin nōdulus, from nōdus knot]
ˈnodular, ˈnodulose, ˈnodulous adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

nod•ule

(ˈnɒdʒ ul)

n.
1. a small node, knot, or knob.
2. a small, rounded mass or lump.
[1590–1600; < Latin nōdulus=nōd(us) knot + -ulus -ule]
nod′u•lar, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

nod·ule

(nŏj′o͞ol)
1. Anatomy A small, usually hard mass of tissue.
2. Botany A small knob-like outgrowth found on the roots of many plants that are legumes. See more at legume.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nodule - a small nodenodule - a small node        
node - any bulge or swelling of an anatomical structure or part
2.nodule - small rounded wartlike protuberance on a plantnodule - small rounded wartlike protuberance on a plant
plant process, enation - a natural projection or outgrowth from a plant body or organ
3.nodule - (mineralogy) a small rounded lump of mineral substance (usually harder than the surrounding rock or sediment)
mineralogy - the branch of geology that studies minerals: their structure and properties and the ways of distinguishing them
geode - (mineralogy) a hollow rock or nodule with the cavity usually lined with crystals
hunk, lump - a large piece of something without definite shape; "a hunk of bread"; "a lump of coal"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

nodule

[ˈnɒdjuːl] Nnódulo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

nodule

n (Med, Bot) → Knötchen nt; (Geol) → Klümpchen nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

nodule

[ˈnɒdjuːl] nnodulo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

nod·ule

n. nódulo o nudo pequeño;
solitary ______ solitario;
subcutaneous ______ subcutáneo.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

nodule

n nódulo
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
He and Dunsford had worked at the subject together on Philip's skeleton, asking each other questions till both knew by heart every attachment and the meaning of every nodule and groove on the human bones; but in the examination room Philip was seized with panic, and failed to give right answers to questions from a sudden fear that they might be wrong.
Of him her brother thus wrote, speaking of visiting his plantation, on a collecting tour; "He actually made me feel of his fist, which was like a blacksmith's hammer, or a nodule of iron, telling me that it was
He fingered the pouch, feeling out the shapes and sizes of the precious, little nodules within.
Tiny nodules of moisture stood out on his forehead, and his shirt was wet with sweat from the exertion of doing so many unaccustomed things at once.
On the other hand, I do not believe that any line of coast, ten or twenty miles in length, ever suffers degradation at the same time along its whole indented length; and we must remember that almost all strata contain harder layers or nodules, which from long resisting attrition form a breakwater at the base.
The salt is white, very hard, and compact: it occurs in water worn nodules projecting from the agglutinated sand, and is associated with much gypsum.
[34] Soltaninejad S, Keshani M, Tajeripour F, "Lung nodule detection by KNN classifier and active contour modelling and 3D visualization," in Proc.
The study was based on the review of case records of 50 patients who were operated for thyroid nodule. It included only those cases where a postoperative histopathological conformation of malignancy was obtained in STN and also multinodular goiter who had undergone thyroidectomy between June 2008 and November 2010.
Immunohistochemically, the mucinous adenocarcinoma and mural nodule component were positive for cytokeratin 8-18 and keratin Cam 5.2 and negative for desmin.
The integrated classifier demonstrated sensitivity, specificity, and a negative predictive value of 97, 44, and 98 percent, respectively, in distinguishing benign from malignant nodules. Performance was better with the classifier than with positron emission tomography, validated lung nodule risk models, and physician cancer probability estimates.
If the ultrasound detects an abnormal nodule, clinicians perform a fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), to test for malignancy.