Treating SSNs as nominalized PredPs (which, in case of participles embeds a VP) predicts that the meanings available for the predicative use of participles are the ones available for their nominalizations
. This is indeed the case:
The nouns are morphologically heterogeneous: they may be derived with any of the numerous action nominalization
suffixes of Estonian (-mine, -us, -e, -u, -i, -ng, -k) or through conversion; in addition, AMC expressions may occasionally be headed by borrowed nominalizations
and by root nouns that occur in light verb constructions or from which there exist denominal verbs (3).
In addition to object raising and croire union, Legendre (1989) presents the following seven diagnostics to distinguish between unaccusative and unergative predicates: Participial absolutes, reduced relative clauses, cliticization of embedded 3's in causative unions, auxiliary selection, parallel transitive structures, nominalizations
, expression of stativity.
KOPTJEVSKAJA-TAMM, Maria (1993) Nominalizations
. LondonNew York: Routledge (Theoretical Linguistics).
Reference to properties is normally achieved by the use of nominalizations
of predicative expressions.
41); analyze, determining your characters and their actions; and revise, changing nominalizations
into verbs or making your characters those verbs' subjects.
have become a recurrent object of study, mainly in relation to the specialized discourse, in the last decades.
The vocabulary analyses included measures of lexical diversity, word frequency, and frequency of multisyllabic and derived words, as well as variety of clause connectors and frequency of nominalizations
. In addition, academic vocabulary was identified as specialized (within a discipline) and general (across disciplines).
One powerful means of producing a lexically dense style is by using nominalizations
to build long noun phrases.
have been treated by Halliday (1994: 352) as typical cases of what he calls grammatical metaphor, i.e.
Some guidelines advocated by plain English proponents include using plain words, keeping the average sentence length short, avoiding nominalizations
and passive constructions, personalizing the message with first and second-person pronouns, and using examples and scenarios to help explain concepts.
* Eliminate nominalizations
(nouns that have been constructed from verb stems).