While our democracy has historically been described as a rule of law system under which we are governed "by laws and not of men" (a "nomocracy
"), this characterization is flawed and dangerously misleading.
First, after 41 years in clinical practice and given the police state nomocracy
currently operating in the US, I would advise any practitioner employing integrative medical methods to avoid billing any "non-standard" methods to a third party insurer.
A government based on the supremacy of the law is called a nomocracy
Rethinking the theory and practice of land use regulation: Towards nomocracy
. Planning Theory, 9(2), 137-155.
Patterns of gene expression: homology or nomocracy
But this is not at all to say that Islam has been successful in giving effect to this political essence; on the contrary, political power and religious authority in fact parted ways early in Islamic history, leading to a tendency to "nomocracy
," the rule of disincarnated religious laws, in some respects parallel to Judaism.
(10) Because Islam was a nomocracy
, the first level was comprised of legal scholars.
The ideal Islamic regime is a nomocracy
: The law is given and immutable, and it remains for the leaders of the ummah (the Islamic nation) to apply it on a day-to-day basis.
(1.) A theonomy, or a religious nomocracy
, differs from theocracy.
Together with the strong positivist influence inherited from the nineteenth century, caudillismo has placed the will over legislation and legislation over law to the point that we have been governed by a teleocracy (a government of objectives) instead of by a nomocracy
(a government of laws)--to apply the formula used by Bertrand de Jouvenel.
For these and other reasons, Josephus rejected Greek nomocracy
in favor of a theocratic form of rule based upon the Mosaic Code and the Covenant.