She shows that, beyond official discourses of socialist friendship, German Democratic Republic (GDR) citizens often used images of Cuba to craft alternative ideals of a more enthusiastic, dynamic, independent, and nonaligned state
India, as the largest and most influential nonaligned state suddenly gained salience.
McMahon is aware that economic assistance to nonaligned states, especially those who constantly offended American sensibilities, would not have won many friends in Congress, but he probably underestimates the difficulty in obtaining the necessary funds.
Reflecting widespread disillusionment among nonaligned states (5) with the cautious "step-by-step approach" to disarmament favored by the nuclear armed, the idea of negotiating a treaty unconditionally prohibiting nuclear weapons has been the main talking point in the multilateral forums concerned with nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament in recent years.
From the perspective of most nonaligned states, however, these arguments rung hollow.
In addition, the idea that no state should enjoy special entitlements--that sovereign states should bear the same rights and duties--resonated strongly with many nonaligned states. The remaining ICAN campaigners' argument that nuclear weapons should be placed in the same category as chemical and biological weapons--that is, as fundamentally unacceptable weapons--accordingly found attentive audiences across the world.
Arab and nonaligned states
plan to use the debate to turn the world spotlight on the Goldstone report, particularly on its harsh criticism of alleged war crimes by Israel.
Not only has the United States worked relatively smoothly with European partners with which it differed bitterly over Iraq, but it has also been effective lately in winning support from Russia, China and nonaligned states
such as South Africa.
The nonaligned states
, however, have already rejected the EU-3 draft and will press for amendments, Non-Aligned Movement delegates said.
Kennedy and Johnson departed from their Republican predecessor's policy of opposing neutralism by taking "a more tolerant and innovative approach" designed to win over nonaligned states
. The result was that Washington alienated its allies by providing nonaligned states
with "economic and military largesse," while ignoring its allies' needs and jeopardizing Southeast Asian security interests with its ineffective handling of communism in Laos and Vietnam (124).
Surprisingly, Luck, in his discussion of UN Charter change to expand the Security Council in the 1960s, does not refer to the first major summit of twenty-five nonaligned states
from Africa, Asia, Europe, and Latin America, which was held in Belgrade in 1961.