By putting assertive, nonaristocratic
voices such as a cook, a sailor, a wife, a lawyer, and a rural parson at the heart of his work, Chaucer broke radically with tradition.
These fables, written as they were while Lydgate was still a young man, underscore his own nonaristocratic
background and manifest his own sociopolitical interests before he became a prominent author and confidant of King Henry V.
While peasants held onto their farms, 45 percent of noble estates passed to nonaristocratic
owners who possessed the necessary capital.
While Weber advocated for universal suffrage, he felt that nonaristocratic
citizens lacked both the ascribed and learned skills necessary to lead a country.
Asked, 'what was the name given to the nonaristocratic
Andrew Mitchell class of Ancient Rome consisting of freed people, shopkeepers, crafts people, skilled or unskilled workers and farmers?', he blurted 'plebs' before adding quickly: "Sorry, I wouldn't say that, I meant, '***ing ***heads'."
(6) The "state-nation" seems to be the latter, and Russia belongs to that category, yet there have also always been nonaristocratic
views of what Russia might be (see below).
The Pharisees were marginal for Josephus: they were a nonaristocratic
group with popular support who occasionally challenged the elite (chap.
Ironically, Miss Rosa blames the fall of the South on the fact that nonaristocratic
men like Sutpen were the only ones powerful enough to fight for that aristocracy: "--men with valor and strength but without pity and honor.
By focusing on Aboan, I explore a tension in Oroonoko that registers a fundamental critique of slavery as an institution that is absent from Behn's novella: Southerne subverts one major rationalization he offers for enslavement--the traditional aristocratic justification that slaves are naturally inferior and therefore suited to bondage (7)--by presenting an exceptional, nonaristocratic
A decade later, money becomes more speakable in tragic plays about nonaristocratic
Let us examine the few times that lesser, nonaristocratic
characters are given an independent voice in the Odyssey.
(59) Vulcan, for his part, is traditionally submissive, obedient, and compliant--the nonaristocratic
, working god who creates at the beck and call of others.