Indeed, noise exposure is associated with both auditory and nonauditory
effects (including sleep disturbances).
In addition to the known risk for hearing damage, nonauditory
adverse health outcomes and health risks from excessive environmental sound exposure can include effects on the cardiovascular system, metabolism, blood pressure, body weight, cognition, sleep, mental health, quality of life, and overall well-being (1,3,4).
Skinner describes the textual as an operant in which "a vocal response is under the control of a nonauditory
verbal stimulus" (Skinner 1957, p.
Matheson, "Noise pollution: nonauditory
effects on health," British Medical Bulletin, vol.
The neurophysiological model proposed by Jastreboff suggests that tinnitus would be the result of the interaction of auditory and nonauditory
It is imperative to address the nonauditory
aspects of tinnitus, such as anxiety, depression, and quality-of-life indicators.
Noise causes auditory and nonauditory
effects depending on its intensity, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) (1999, 2001a).
Acceptable levels of sounds with different spectral characteristics during the performance of a simple and complex nonauditory
The lungs tend to be the predominant nonauditory
system injured in most air blasts, whereas the gastrointestinal tract is more susceptible to underwater blasts.
effects of noise such as stress and physiological disruption, as well as phantom sounds and tinnitus, begin concluding the book.
Electrodes are also deactivated for other reasons such as when there is an indication of extracochlear location, if they cause nonauditory
stimulation, uncomfortable perception or if they are inaudible, if the maximum levels are exceptionally high, or if tonotopical tests such as pitch ranking, channel separation, or spectral discrimination show unexpected results.
It is possible that training with a nonauditory
task that targets cognitive processing might yield similar gains in auditory performance.