Hsp90 mRNA in nondiapausing
larvae of the apple maggot, Rbagoletis pomonella, was strong up-regulated in response to heat (Lopez-Martinez and Denlinger, 2008).
Thirdly, we compared the expression of Hsps between diapausing and nondiapausing L.
The nondiapausing weevils were collected in 5 July 2012 and frozen at the -80[degrees]C.
Comparison of cold hardiness and sugar content between diapause and nondiapausing
pupae of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).
Comparative analysis in the diapausing and nondiapausing
triauraria are more cold tolerant than nondiapausing
flies, but there is no clear correlation between cold hardiness and latitude; however, both species show a clear latitudinal dine in photoperiodic response (Kimura 1984, 1988).
Finally, nondiapausing flies that developed rapidly and eclosed prior to chilling had the highest frequencies of "hawthorn-race alleles.
We assert that the first mode of eclosing flies were nondiapausing pupae.
Larvae in this cohort either enter diapause (second or third instar) until the following spring or continue development for a second generation; the progeny of any one female includes diapausing and nondiapausing
However, the distinction between diapausing and nondiapausing
larvae was still clear: diapausing larvae were all first-, second-, or very small third-instar larvae on day 24.
In spider mites of temperate zones, in which adult females overwinter in diapause, the proportion of overwintering females that are unfertilized and the probability of overwinter survival by nondiapausing
males are thought to have major effects on patterns of relatedness within spring breeding groups (Saito 1987).
A few studies show or suggest genetic correlations between diapause-related switch mechanisms and important life-history traits that are expressed in the diapausing or nondiapausing