The resulting response factors, called g-functions, give the nondimensional
borehole wall temperature drop due to a constant unit heat extraction rate at the borehole walls.
They assumed the fins to have one-dimensional temperature distributions and solved them using a system of nondimensional
18] employed nondimensional
magnetic stiffness and damping as well as nondimensional
system parameters to describe the stability limits of a PD controller.
As Eqs (7) and (8) express the pressure and elasticity as polynomial functions of nondimensional
deformation e, all coefficients [C.
c] is the fracture load, a stands for crack length, w represents the specimen width, t is the specimen thickness, and f(a/w) is the nondimensional
stress intensity factor.
In the airflow model, the nondimensional
ECM setting was taken as the single input since the ECM fan was able to provide constant airflow regardless of pressure changes.
For the sake of normalization of the flow model, we introduce the following nondimensional
BT] is nondimensional
temperature at the beginning of fuel injection; A is the factor of fuel properties; a, a1 are diesel engine and fuel injection system structure weightings; [PSI] is assessment factor of the ratio of physical and chemical rates; [[phi].
Therefore, a sound speed that is made nondimensional
using the isothermal sound speed of the vapor, as shown in the equation below, approaches unity.
Generally, the transmission function is expressed nondimensional
(Artobolevskii et al.
We declare the ensuing nondimensional
variables to nondimensionalise the governing equations:
The [gamma] was used to represent the nondimensional
plenum air inlet area.